The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 280
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
to reports, lay next to the country of the Texas, whose inhabitants
were of a superior character, brought the matter still more promi-
nently before the government. These two circumstances together
with reports, which reached the City of Mexico in 1684, of the
coming of the French to settle on the Gulf of Mexico, finally
forced the Spaniards to action. The government at once fitted out
a series of expeditions both by land and by sea to find and expel
these intruders. The third of the land expeditions (1689) suc-
ceeded in reaching the French settlement which was located on ]a
Bahia del Espiritu Santo; but found that all of the intruders, with
the exception of a few scattered among the Indians, had died either
by disease or by violence at the hands of the savages. While try-
ing to find some of the French who had escaped, the Spaniards,
who were encamped on the Guadalupe River, were visited by the
governor of the Texas Indians accompanied by eight of his men.
A missionary, Padre Manzanet, who is to be remembered as the
originator of mission work in Texas, had joined the expedition;
and, judging from what he saw of these Indians that they were
tractable,' he was filled with the desire to attempt their conver-
sion. The fact that the Indians themselves requested that mis-
sionaries should be sent to them encouraged him in this undertak-
ing. The military commander of the expedition, Alonso de Le6n,
having made a favorable report of these Indians to the viceroy,
sent to the College of Queretaro2 to ask for missionaries to begin
this great work. Padre Manzanet, together with three religious
xAccording to the laws prescribing the method to be followed in the
settlement of any new country, the order of procedure, after discovery
and pacification, was first Christianization, then colonization. (Recopila-
cion, lib. IV, tit. I, ley i.) After the Texas Indians were found to be
friendly (cf. ibid., tit. IV, ley vi.) the first efforts of the government
were directed toward the spread of religion among them. Missionaries
were sent out at the expense of the royal treasury. (Cf. ibid., tit. IV, ley
iii.) The laws of the Indies required that the conversion of the savages
should be brought about by the kindest and most gentle treatment.
(ibid., tit. IV, leyes i and ii.) It was the policy of the government to rely
solely upon the missionaries if they were able to convert the Indians with-
out aid. (Cf. ibid., leyes iv and vi.)
2Mission work in Texas was under the direction of the Franciscan friars.
Missionaries were secured from the College of Santa Cruz at Quer6taro,
and from that of Nuestra Sef~ora de Guadalupe at Zacatecas. The Zaca-
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/287/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.