The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 27
Bonilla's Brief Compendium. 27
This act was finished with a serious harangue delivered by the In-
dian [chief in which] according to the interpretation of San Denis,
who understood perfectly the language and vernacular of that na-
tion, he manifested his pleasure that the Spanish were settling his
country. Afterward various chiefs and families of Indians joined
the party, and all with demonstrations of rejoicing submitted them-
selves to the dominions of our King and Lord and became his vas-
Captain Ramon distributed lavishly among the Indians the pres-
ents which he was bringing for them. He appointed as captain-gen-
eral of those nations a son of the chief [of the Texas]; he ap-
pointed also the alcaldes and fiscals of each village. Finally, there
were founded the four missions of San Francisco, la Purisima
Concepcion, San Josef, and Nuestra Sefiora de Guadalupe, where
more than five thousand persons of the same vernacular were con-
gregated. The most remote of these missions was situated seven
leagues from Nachitoches. As early as the year 1716, the French
erected (havian erigido) there a post of the same name, and estab-
lished themselves among the Cadodaches.1
to every body, including the women. The captains took tobacco out their
pouches and made a heap in their midst, and filled the pipe from that. I
did the same, giving them some of my tobacco."
1The Testimonio (Sec. 28) says: "The missions in Texas were really
re-established and others were newly founded among the Adaes, seven
leagues this side of Nachitoos. Ramon went thither and saw the fort
which the French had on a little island of the Colorado or Roxo [Red]
River with thirty men. They were expecting fifty more for that point
and for the Candadachos. Among the Texas were found blue cotton
cloth, muskets, beads, and other goods, which the Indians had got from
the French; and it is a well-known fact (se supo) that the latter, after
the year 1716, were already settled among the Candadochos and the
The listoria (Sec. 15) says: "Then four missions were founded, and
the religious distributed among them. The first mission was that of San
Francisco with the same persons who had founded it in  90. Twenty
leagues farther on in the Asinais nation Concepcion Mission was founded.
Fray Ysidro Espinosa took charge of it on the 7th of the same month.
Ten leagues farther on, among the Nacogdoches nation, a place was se-
lected for the mission of Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe. This belonged
to the Zacatecan fathers, who took possession on the 9th. On the 10th,
among a portion of the Nasones nations, ten leagues to the north of Con-
Here’s what’s next.
Show all pages in this issue.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/29/ocr/: accessed January 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.