The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 284
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284 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
The last missions founded during this period' were Santisima
Virgen de los Dolores and San Miguel de los Adaes. These were
established by Padre Margil, the most prominent representative
from the College of Zacatecas, as Padre Espinosa was from that
of Quer6taro. These two missions were also placed on the eastern
frontier. No soldiers were left at either. Until this time, with
the exception of Santisimo Nombre de Maria, all missions in Texas
had been founded in the course of some military entrada and under
government direction. The detachments of soldiers left by these
successive expeditions numbered respectively three, ten, twenty-
five. It seems to have been the policy of the government to in-
crease the number,2 even though it could not be done adequately.
With the year 1718 came a change of policy. The government
having realized that the mission alone was ineffectual, placed all
three of the instrumentalities in operation together. French en-
croachment again furnished the motive for an attempt to -occupy
Texas. In 1716 and 1717, the padres had reported that there was
danger from the French on the eastern frontier; and, as a means
of warding it off, they had planned to found a mission among the
C'ad'odachlos. They had asked for fifty men to be settled here as
well as for fifty to be placed in the country of the Texas. Reports
of the projects of the French for settling Bahia del Espiritu Santo
had increased the fear of the Spaniards that the whole country
would be overrun, and its trade monopolized. It was, therefore,
thought wise to guard the threatened points.
In November, 1716, the fiscal advised several measures. A mis-
sion was to be founded among the Cadodachos Indians. A perma-
nent settlement was to be formed in the Texas country, and mis-
sion work among these Indians continued. A mission that Padre
Olivares had planned to establish on the banks of the San Antonio
River was, by all means, to be founded since it could be used to
prevent invasion through Bahia del Espiritu Santo, and as a con-
necting link between this bay, when settled, and the country of the
Texas. A place was to be selected as headquarters for the mis-
sions on the eastern frontier, and to be fortified with moated
"See p. 283, ante.
2For the work of Margil see Espinosa, Chronica.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/291/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.