The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 285
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Municipal Government of San Fernando de Bexar. 285
houses of stone (casas de piedra fuertes).1 This was to be used
as barracks for the soldiers until a presidio supplied with artillery
might be founded. The building of the presidio and the settle-
ment of Bahia were to be deferred until the king might be con-
sulted in the matter.2
In pursuance of this advice, orders were issued for the estab-
lishment of one or more missions between the San Antonio and
Guadalupe Rivers. Instructions were given that in locating these
missions and the Indian settlements connected with them, space
should be left for the founding of two cities or villas which, as
time passed, would be needed as capitals of the province. A set-
tlement containing at least thirty families was to be, at once, began
on the San Antonio River. As early as 1690, Padre Manzanet
had suggested that this region was especially well suited for the
founding of a mission. In 1693, he had advised that the work
among the Texas Indians be abandoned, since they could not
be induced to settle in pueblos.' Later, -as a result of
this suggestion, an attempt was made to establish the mis-
sions nearer Coahuila. The report of Padre Olivares c:on-
cerning the country between the Rio Grande 'and the country
of the Texas, suggesting the San Antonio River as a suit-
able place for founding the mission he had planned to establish,
again attracted the attention of the government to this locality. It
will be noticed that the three important points, the eastern fron-
tier, Bahia, and Bexar were now all in the mind of the govern-
ment at the same time. It is interesting to note how Bexar arose
into prominence as a result of the way in which these plans were
In March, 1718, Don Martin de Alarc6n was appointed to lead
an expedition into Texas to carry out the orders of the govern-
ment. He was accompanied by some seven or eight priests who
were to continue mission work. Although instructions were not
'Cf. Recopilacion, lib. IV, tit. IV, ley vii.
'For the decision of the king in regard to these questions see royal
cddula, June 18, 1718, Ramo de Reales Cgdulas LXXXIX, 161-166.
'Long before this time, it had been decided that this was the most
effective means of Christianizing the Indians. See Recopilacion, lib. II,
tit. III, ley i.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/292/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.