The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 291
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Municipal Government of San Fernando de Bxar. 291
families but once, and then as if it were a subject of no real im-
portance. This was the settlement of thirty-one soldiers with their
families at Adaes.1
After Aguayo left Texas in 1722, the government seems to have
abandoned its efforts to colonize the country. The work of coloni-
zation by means of families up to this time may be summarized
as follows: in 1718, Alarc6n settled a company of soldiers with
their families on the San Antonio River and placed seven families
at Adaes; in 1721, Aguayo stationed a company of thirty-one sol-
diers at Adaes; while during the same year, Espinosa settled the
families he had raised, at B6xar. These settlements had all been
made under government direction. But at least one group of fam-
ilies had come independently, and that, too, before 1718; hence
this date which is usually given for the beginning of Bexar must
be incorrect. This the following translation of an extract from the
petition presented in 1787 by the cabildo to Governor Rafael Mar-
tinez Pacheco2 will show. "It is certainly evident and clear that
the settlement of this province of Texas was begun in the year 15
of our present century.3 [The Province was given this
name by the captains who made various expeditions into
it in times past in obedience to superior orders. In these
[expeditions] they had only the satisfaction of reconnoi-
tering the province, but never the pleasure of settling it
until the above mentioned year. Then, some bold citizens, from
the two neighboring provinces-Nuevo Reyno de Le6n o'r Mon-
terey, and Nueva Estremadura Monclova or Coahuila-which were
at that time the last and frontier provinces of Nueva Espafia, de-
sirous of renown or wishing to advance their own private inter-
'Diario del Viaje del Marqudz de San Miguel de Aguayo, 51.
2See p. 290, note 3 ante. In this, "and all of my own translations in the
appendices abbreviations have been written out when there was no doubt
as to the full form of the word, and all proper names have been spelled
and accented in accordance with modern usage except in the case of cer-
8This statement is confirmed by a report of Manuel Mufoz in regard to
the Province of Texas, 1794 (V. O. King Collection), in which the follow-
ing sentence is found. "The capital of San Antonio de Bdxar owed its
origin to a garrison of troops in 1715."
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/298/: accessed February 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.