The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 292
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Texas IHistorical Association Quarterly.
ests, had well authenticated and individual information that the
many gentile nations living in these two provinces and in their
principal districts about this time were at peace. . . . [These
citizens] conceived the idea [of settling in Texas], and with manly
courage set out to seek the famous and muloh lauded river of San
Antonio, on whose banks they formed a settlement very near the
point at which our villa San Fernando is planted today. They
brought with them not only their wives and children, but all their
goods, cattle, horses, goats, sheep, and such other things as they
thought necessary for their sustenance, returning from time to
time to the presidio of San Juan Bauptista del Rio Grande for
the comforts of religion. They had no troops for their defense
except the guard they themselves formed from their own number.
There remains at this time only the memory of their coming, of
the names of the most prominent men among them--these
were Don Mateo Carabajal, Crist6bal Carabajal, and Don Fran-
cisco Hernandez-and of the survival and increase of the cattle
they brought. This memory exists in the minds of their descend-
ants-our relatives,2 but it is not such as those men deserve as first
After Aguayo left Texas in 1722, the padres continued their
labors under great disadvantages. They finally despaired of suc-
cess unless they could induce the government to send out more
people to furnish to the Indians an example of the life they were
expected to lead, and to teach them the most necessary arts.8 These
plans were not regarded with favor by Rivera, as the padres had
so fondly hoped. Instead of adopting the policy recommended by
them, the goyrernlment actually abandoned the presidio in the
Texas country and reduced the garrison at Adaes. In 1730, there-
fore, the three Quieretaran miiesions which, up to the time of Ri-
1The natural advantages of the place were already well known.
2The word relatives taken together with the fact that the names of
Carabajal and Hernandez were common ones at Baxar would indicate that
these settlers remained at this point. There was even a Mateo Carabajal
and a Francisco Hernandez residing in San Fernando in 1745. They are
both mentioned in the proceedings of the cabildo for June 28, 1745. (Libro
de Cavildo, etc., 1742-1749, Nacogdoches Archives.)
8Espinosa, Chronica, 459.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/299/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.