The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 293
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Municipal Government of San Fernando de Bexar. 293
vera's inspection had been protected by the presidio in the Texas
country, were removed from the eastern frontier to Bexar, making
five in all at this point.1 Here the padres were soon to see their
long cherished plan for the settlement of families carried out in
the founding of the villa of San Fernando de Bexar. The three
Zacateecan missions were left on the eastern frontier. These with
the mission at Bahia completed the list of such establishments in
Texas at this time.
The first officially recognized civil settlement in Texas was the
villa of San Fernando de B6xar, whidh wus founded in 1731 by a
group of families from the Canary Islands. In the plan for the
establishment of this new villa appear several new features.
Hitherto the arrangements for the settlement of families had been
worked out by the missionaries, the orders had been issued by the
viceroy, and all families brought in had been natives of Mexico.
Now the idea was taken up by the king, all orders were issued
by him -at the suggestion of Marquis de San Miguel die Aguayo,
and all families were brought from the Canary Islands. The ad-
visability of settling families in Texas from Galicia, or from the
Canary Islands, from Havana, and from the Province of Tlas-
cala, as a means of preventing French invasion, had been recog-
nized by Aguayo after he had succeeded in bringing Texas back
under the dominion of the Spanish crown, after the French inva-
sion of 1719. Both he and the corporal of Bahia had recom-
mended this measure. As a result of this recommendation three
royal orders for the transportation of families to Texas were is-
sued, the first March 18, 1723,2 the second on May 10, 1723,8 and
the third on February 14, 1729.4 Nothing came of the two orders
'Not including San Xavier de Nfxera, which was founded by Aguayo.
The absence of records concerning this mission would seem to show that
it was very short lived, and that it was abandoned before 1730.
2This differed from the other two as it was issued por la via reservada,
that is, on the king's own authority without consultation with the coun-
cil. The fact that such an order was issued is learned from the order
3Ramo de Reales gddcEas, XLIV, No. 18.
4In Epediente Mandado formar por el Sor. Comandte. Gral. Brigadier
Dn. Nemesio Salcedo, etc., 4-5 vta, Nacogdoches Archives. See appen-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/300/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.