The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 339
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Municipal Government of San Fernando de Bexar. 339
tion it will have the purest air,1 and the freshest of waters flowing
from two springs or natural fountains situated on a small hill a
short distance north-east from the presidio of B6xar. From these
are formed, on the east, the San Antonio River, and, on the west,
the small river called the Arroya which flows to the south. These
two rivers unite eight or nine leagues from their sources, and be-
fore joining the MIedina River. Between these two streams the
presidio is built. East of the river is the mission of San An-
tonio; while to the west of it is the mission of San Joseph from
which one can go to the presidio without crossing the river; and
since there is a church at the presidio which they can visit for
that purpose, until a church is built for them, these families may
attend the mass and and other catholic services [at that place]
without the trouble of crossing the river.
The governor, after having examined the elevation and the
plateau, shall survey the land, lay off the streets, the town blocks,2
the main plaza, and the site for the church, the priest's house, the
public hall, and the other buildings,3 shown on the map which is
sent [with these instructions] to the end that, observing the meas-
urement in feet and varas indicated in each direction for each
block and street, and for the plaza, church, and public hall, he
shall mark these out with a cord.4 In addition he shall make a
furrow with a plow, and to distinguish every block from every
other block, he shall place stakes in the four corners; and to mark
the center of each block he shall dig a hole and place a stone in
it. In the same way he shall mark off the site for the church,
the public hall, and the plaza, taking care to make the streets
straight and exact as shown on the map.
As soon as the fifteen families arrive, he shall give a block" to
each of them in order that each family may build its house
1Cf. ibid., 'tit. V, ley i.
'As to the way the streets and blocks of a town were to be laid off see
ibid., tit. VII, leyes x and xii.
"For the laws governing the situation of the plaza and the principal
building see ibid, leyes viii and ix.
'Cf. ibid., ley. i.
'Of. ibid, tit. XII, ley i.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/346/: accessed November 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.