The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 35
Bonilla's Brief Compendium.
[Measures considered for settling the Province.]
When the province was reduced to peace, re-established, and aug-
mented, the Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo requested the send-
ing of two hundred Tlascalan families, and the same number from
Galicia or from the Canaries. His Majesty, however, ordered that
the [whole] four hundred should come as volunteers from those
Loreto on the said Bahia del Espirittu Santto, or San Bernardo, and on
the same site where the French introduced by the said Roberto Cavalier
de la Sala had had theirs. The Marques added another mission under
the protection of the said presidio, which has already been referred to as
having been afterward moved inland to thirty leagues from the [Presidio]
of San Antonio de Vejar; and today, for fear of the Apaches, one de-
scends thither to go to los Adays. He improved the site of San Antonio,
placing it between the San Antonio and San Pedro Rivers, with its two
missions, to which were afterward added [three others] from the Texas
region. He left in the said four presidios two hunded and sixty-eight
soldiers, a hundred in los Adaes, twenty-five in Texas, ninety in la Bahia,
and fifty-three in San Antonio de Bexar. He occupied in all the above-
mentioned (not counting the preparations) from November, seventeen
hundred and twenty, to May, seventeen hundred and twenty-two."
The Diario del Viaje, fols. 38-50, gives account of the founding of
seven missions, in addition to San Jos6 y San Miguel de Aguayo, a mis-
sion three leagues from San Antonio, which Aguayo had had founded be-
fore leaving Coahuila. The names given to these missions are: "San
Francisco de los Nechas, commonly, de los Tejas," (with a pueblo, San
Francisco de Valero), Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion, Santissimo Joseph
de los Nazones, Nuestra Sefiora de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches, Nuestra
Senora de los Dolores de los Adais, San Miguel de los Adais, and the
Mission of Espiritu Santo de Zuniga (near the Presidio of Bahia del
Espiritu Santo. Besides these, whose founding is distinctly described,
there are two other names mentioned further on in the narrative, whose
reference is not made quite clear. These are the missions of Nuestra
Sef~ora del Pilar, and Nuestra Sefiora de la Assumpcion. On fol. 60, the
statement is made that Aguayo founded nine missions anew, in addition
to San Antonio de Valero. The presidios whose founding is described are:
the Presidio of Texas, with a garrison of twenty-five soldiers, a presidio
[los Adaes] seven leagues from Natchitoches, with a garrison of one hun-
dred men; and the Presidio of Bahia del Espiritu Santo, presumably with
a garrison of ninety men. (Forty were sent from the Rio Grande in
1720; the viceroy, in 1721, ordered fifty more sent. No statement is
made, however, as to whether the order was carried out). This docu-
Here’s what’s next.
Show all pages in this issue.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/37/ocr/: accessed January 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.