The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905 Page: 36
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36 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
islands, and ordered in royal cedulas of the 10th of May, 1723,1 and
the 14th of February,  29, that they should be promptly helped
on their way, so that they should be given no reason for turning
aside from their destination. The outcome of this measure will be
given in its place.2
[The Government of San Fernando Perez de Almazan.]
When the Marquez de San Miguel de Aguayo retired from the
Province of Texas, his lieutenant general, Don Fernando Peres de
Almazan, stayed as governor. In the time of the former the attacks
(insultos) of the common and the most perfidious enemy of the
Internal Provinces, the Apache tribe, had begun to be experienced,
[and] afterward they were so often repeated and so cruel that they
compelled the governor [Almazan] to ask for permission to wage a
vigorous war against the tribe if they did not consummate the peace
which they had promised.
This representation was not favorably received by the Superior
ment also mentions Aguayo's fortifying San Antonio de Bexar in a new
site, between the San Antonio and the San Pedro rivers (folio 54).
The Historia (Secs. 25-27) says that Father Espinosa went to see the
viceroy, and got him to issue an order that the province should be set-
tled with families of married men, in place of the soldiers who had pre-
viously been carried out. These men were to draw the salaries of soldiers
for two years; their wives, and their children over fifteen, should draw
half-pay. Some were to be skilled mechanics and artisans, who were to
help build the settlement and teach the young people. On their arrival
in Texas, the settlers were to be given lands, which they could dispose of
for the benefit of their children and heirs. "In response, some poor fami-
lies volunteered, but as they were so far away from the place where the
orders were to be carried out, recruits were gathered in various cities.
People were forced to go, and among the number were many people taken
from prison." Only six missions are mentioned as being restored by
Aguayo: San Francisco, Concepcion, San Jose, Nuestra Seiora de Guada-
lupe, Ays, and Adays. The building of one presidio, among the Adays,
is mentioned. This expedition, the author says, was not favorable to the
missions, because Aguayo did not leave oxen and other stock for them, or
provisions and tools for cultivating the land.
'See below, pages 40-41.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905, periodical, 1905; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/m1/38/?rotate=90: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.