The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 11
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Diplomatic Relations of England and Republic of Texas. 11
5. Recognition secured.
(1) Treaties signed by Palmerston and Hamilton.-In Decem-
ber, 1839, General James Hamilton of South Carolina, who had
manifested a deep interest in Texas, and who was at this time
engaged in an effort to sell the bonds of the republic to American
and European capitalists, was sent to England as Texas agent to
secure recognition, with authority to negotiate a treaty of amity
and commerce with England, to treat under British mediation for,
peace with Mexico and for the establishing of the Texas-Mexican
boundary, and to come to an agreement with the British holders
of Mexican bonds. He appears first to have gone to France and
then to the Netherlands and Belgium, to which countries he was
also accredited. On July 28, 1840, Hamilton wrote from The
Hague that he had seen Lord Palmerston, who said unofficially
that if Hamilton would come to England after attending to his
other business he would be willing to take up with him the matter
of recognition and a commercial treaty. On November 6 he re-
ported that he and Palmerston had agreed on a treaty of commerce,
and navigation which was to be signed shortly. On November 13'
the treaty was signed by Palmerston and Hamilton at London.
It made the customary provisions for the carrying on of commerce,
between the two countries. Each of the two, in the matter of im-
port duties and the like, was to have the privileges granted to the
most favored nation. For the first eight years of the duration of
the treaty vessels owned and commanded by Texas citizens and
manned by a crew of whom at least three-fourths should be Texabs
citizens were entitled to be considered as Texas vessels under the
treaty, whether built in Texas or not. The treaty was to continue
for eight years, and was to be effective thereafter until terminated
by either party on twelve months' notice.' On November 14 Pal-
merston and Hamilton signed a convention providing that England'
should offer her mediation between Texas and Mexico, and that,
if within six months of this offer Mexico should conclude a treaty
of peace with Texas, then Texas should assume one million pounds
sterling of the Mexican foreign debt contracted prior to January
1, 1835. The details of this transfer of the debt were to be ar-
1This treaty may be found in Gammel's Las of Texas (Austin, 1898),.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/15/: accessed January 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.