The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 14
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
government and were returned to England, where the ratifications
were to be exchanged. Hamilton for some reason did not send to
Texas the treaty in regard to the slave-trade until January, 1841,
when Albert T. Burnley, who was his associate as financial agent of
Texas, left Europe. Thus it did not reach Texas until the ad-
journment of Congress, and the Senate did not act on it until Jan-
uary, 1842. In the meantime Lord Palmerston, who apparently
suspected that the Texas government was attempting sharp prac-
tice toward him, insisted on delaying action until the ratifications
of all three treaties could be exchanged at one time. Thus, al-
though the treaties by which England proposed to recognize Texas
were signed in the fall of 1840, the recognition was not finally
consummated until the summer of 1842. This disappointed Ham-
ilton, who held a commission as envoy extraordinary and minister
plenipotentiary to England, but who until the recognition finally
took place could be received only as a mere diplomatic agent. Be-
fore recognition was actually realized his mission had come to a
close. The offense to Hamilton's dignity was not the only incon-
venience that Texas suffered as a result of the delay in recognition.
For by this time a consul of London had been appointed in the per-
son of Arthur Ikin, and, as he could be granted no exequatur so
long as his country was unrecognized by the British government,
he was for some time unable to perform his consular functions.
After finishing the negotiations in England Hamilton returned to
the Continent, where he stayed for the greater part of the time
during the remainder of his mission; and meanwhile, although
Ikin was left in charge of Texas affairs in London, relations be-
tween England and Texas were at a standstill. Hamilton hope
that the Texas cause might be advanced by the fall of the Mel-
bourne ministry, which was now clearly about to give way; but
the Peel ministry, by which it was succeeded, with the Earl of
Aberdeen as foreign secretary, was equally obdurate in its refusal
to put either the commercial treaty or that for mediation into ef-
fect without the treaty for the suppression of the slave-trade. The
ratifications were all, under the terms of the treaties themselves,
to be exchanged at London within nine months of the date of sig-
nature, but Hamilton signed with Aberdeen a protocol by which
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/18/: accessed November 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.