The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 19
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Diplomatic Relations of England and Republic of Texas. 19
if necessary to stamp it out there. By so doing she would sur-
round the slave States of the Union with a belt of free territory,
thereby preventing the expansion of slavery which seemed essential
to the continued existence of the institution itself. But, if Texas
should become annexed to the United States, all this would be
changed; for the Texas influence would be thus given permanently
to the support of slavery, and it would become almost useless to
hope for abolition, either in Texas or in the other Southern States.
From this point of view it was desirable for England to keep
Texas independent as long as possible, even supposing that she
must ultimately become a part of the United States; for it might
be possible in no very long time to stamp out slavery in Texas if
isolated, and so to ensure ultimate abolition in the South. The
American statesmen sometimes claimed that England hoped that
by securing abolition in Texas she could make Texas a refuge for
fugitive slaves from the Southern States, but it is unlikely that
the English ever allowed themselves seriously to entertain such an
idea, especially because of the fact that the United States would
never have tolerated any such condition very long, even if the peo-
ple of Texas could have been imagined willing on their part.'
2. English mediation with Mexico.
(1) Mediation offered under the treaty.-While Texas and the
United States desired annexation on general principles, this de-
sire was much intensified by the fact that it was thought that only
by annexation could Texas secure relief from the predatory war-
fare waged against her by Mexico. Hence it was England's part
to endeavor to restore peace between Texas and Mexico, and Eng-
land had recognized the fact long before this time. In Decem-
ber, 1839, before Hamilton's appointment as diplomatic agent of
Texas, Richard Pakenham, the British minister to Mexico, wrote
to him that he had been instructed by Lord Palmerston to offer
England's good offices on behalf of Texas with the Mexican gov-
ernment, but that the state of public opinion in Mexico was such
1Wharton to Austin, Jan. 6, 1837; Niles' Register,. LI 38-40, LVI 161,
166 (Upshur to Murphy, Sep. 22, 1843), 167-171 (Upshur to Everett, Sep.
28, 1843, and Upshur to 'Murphy, Jan. 16, '1844), 273-274; Terrell to
Clarendon, May 5, 1845; Clarendon to Terrell, May 10, 1845; Smith to
Van Zandt, Jan. 25, 1843; Smith to Jones, July 2, 1843.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/23/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.