The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 28
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28 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
abolition of slavery. This desire as to Texas had been avowed by
Lord Palmerston when he first came into relations with General
Henderson. The subject had not been pressed, however, and it was
in the background until 1842. In July of that year, as Ashbel
Smith reported, he was approached by a person in the confidence
of the British government, who suggested that slavery should be
abolished in Texas, England reimbursing Texas for financial losses
resulting from the abolition; or, as an alternative, that Texas
should be divided on the line of the Colorado River into two states,
of which the eastern should be slave-holding and the western free-
soil. Smith was told at the time that Aberdeen was cognizant of
the plans and had said that by the division of Texas into two parts
as suggested the whole of that country would ultimately become
non-slaveholding. Smith, however, did not take the matter seri-
ously, and the subject seems to have been forgoten until a year
later. In the summer of 1843 a general anti-slavery convention
met in London, and as was natural the subject of slavery in Texas
came up for consideration. J. P. Andrews, a lawyer from Hous-
ton, Texas, was present in the interests of abolition. A committee
of which Andrews was a member waited on Lord Aberdeen, who
informed it that England "would employ every legitimate means
to attain so great and desirable an object as the abolition of
slavery in Texas." The convention made many suggestions as to
the means of obtaining abolition, one of which, the guaranty by
England of a loan to Texas to be used in paying for slave property
held in the Republic, was said to have been endorsed by Aberdeen.
Smith felt it necessary to tell Aberdeen that Andrews in no sense
represented the government or the people of Texas, and to state
that it would be impossible for Texas to accept anything in the
nature of a British subsidy for the abolition of slavery, without a
greater sacrifice of national dignity than she was willing to make.'
(2) England's stand for abolition brings annexation. - This
would probably have ended the matter if it had not now
come to the attention of the government of the United
States. But on August 8 Abel P. Upshur, the American secre-
tary of state, wrote to William S. Murphy, the American charge
'Henderson to Irion, Oct. 24, 1837; Smith to Van Zandt, Jan. 25, 1843;
Smith to Jones, July 2, and July 31, 1843.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/32/: accessed August 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.