The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 30
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30 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
domestic concerns of Texas or the United States and had nothing
in view toward Texas that need cause any anxiety in the United
States. Aberdeen by this time saw that, through the agitation in
the United States to which he had given rise, he had materially
injured his own cause; for it was clear that the Southern party,
which was particularly interested in the annexation of Texas, pro-
posed to use English interference in Texas as a strong argument
to hasten annexation by appealing to the suspicion with which
England was in general regarded by the American people. Ac-
cordingly on December 26 he wrote to Richard Pakenham, who
was now British minister to the United States, making a definite
statement of the policy of the English government with reference
to Texas. He said that so far as England's desire to see Texas
recognized by Mexico was based on selfish motives at all, it was
based on England's interests as a commercial power having deal-
ings with Texas. She had no desire to acquire any undue in-
fluence in Texas with regard to slavery or any other matter, and
while her desire to see slavery everywhere abolished was perfectly
well known she had no notion of acquiring a dominant influence
in Texas or of influencing the United States through Texas. This
dispatch Pakenham was directed to lay before Upshur, and a copy
was sent to Elliot and by him delivered to the Texas government.
Pakenham did not deliver the letter to the American government,
however, until February 26, 1844. As this was only a few days
before the accident on board the Princeton by which Upshur was
killed and the business of the state department disarranged, Pak-
enham was not answered until April 18. Calhoun, who had by
this time succeeded Upshur as secretary of state, then wrote Paken-
ham a diplomatic note expressing his concern at the statement in
Aberdeen's letter that Great Britain desired and was constantly
exerting herself to procure the general abolition of slavery through-
out the world, and stating that as abolition in Texas would be in-
jurious to the interests of the United States it would be necessary
for that nation to adopt the most effectual measures to pre-
vent the bringing about of abolition through undue influence ex-
erted on the part of England. Several notes accordingly passed
between Calhoun and Pakenham on the subject. On May 17, 1844.
the matter came up again in the House of Lords, where Lord
Brougham took occasion to say that nothing that he or Aberdeer
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/34/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.