The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 56
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
that tribe. Their head chief is a good man, and has been a valu-
able auxiliary in the reclamation of these Indians from savage
life. He is known by the name of Kotemesie. The Comanches
have not made the same progress as the Brazos Reserve Indians-
not that they are any more indolent or lazy, but because of their
total estrangement heretofore from the manners and customs of
the white man. The Indians on the Brazos Reserve have always
lived near, and frequently among the white settlers, while the
Comanches have been outside of all intercourse of a friendly na-
ture. This agency is furnished with all necessary buildings and,
like the Brazos Agency, is supplied with competent and trustwor-
thy farmers and artisans. The Comanches have a good crop this
year, and will most probably make sufficient to bread themselves.
Col. M. Leeper is their Agent, with a salary of $1500 per annum.
"The United States Government has been very liberal in its ap-
propriations for the benefit of the reclaimed savage, and has spared
neither trouble nor expense in the furtherance of the peace policy.
"Maj. Neighbors disburses annually about $80,000 for the use
of the Texas Indians."
In spite of these favorable reports of the attempt to civilize these
tribes and domicile them in their native land, to which they clung
with all the devoted patriotism of people of a higher order of
civilization, Indian depredations with harrowing details of murder
and capture of women and children were reported constantly. The
troops at the posts were frequently compelled to follow the trail
of the marauders in order to recapture prisoners and other prop-
erty, which, if successfully accomplished, was generally at the cost
of a bloody encounter.
In 1858 L. S. Ross, familiarly known as "Sul Ross," a youth
of eighteen years, while at home on a vacation from college, organ-
ized a company of one hundred and thirty-five warriors of the
friendly tribes on the Brazos Agency and joined an expedition
under Maj. Earl Van Dorn commanding the U. S. forces in this
section of the frontier against the Comanches. October 1,
1858 the party came upon a large Comanche village on the False
Washita River, in the Indian Territory. A sharp conflict followed,
in the course of which ninety Indians were killed and a consider-
able number captured, either wounded or unhurt. 'The whites lost
five killed and several wounded, including Ross and Van Dorn.
In this battle was captured from the Comanches a little white girl
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/60/: accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.