The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 61
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A Chapter in the History of Young Territory.
checkered career before this hope was realized. Her little child
died shortly before its mother.1 Her son Quanah is now chief of
the tribe, living in peace and quiet on the princely reservation of
over three million acres set apart by the general government for
the three roving tribes, Apaches, Kiowas, and Comanches, in the
southwestern part of the Indian Territory, in which Fort Sill is
When the Civil war began in 1861 the federal forts on the
frontier were abandoned and some of them destroyed by the Union
troops. Some of the officers resigned their commissions in the
United States army and joined the Confederates, among them
R. E. Lee, in command of Ft. Mason, and Maj. Earl Van Dorn.
The gallant young Texan, Sul Ross, disbanded his company and
enlisted in the Southern army as a private, but was soon promoted
from one office to another.still higher until he became a brigadier
general of cavalry, the youngest of that rank in the service. His
experience as a ranger fitted him well for the arduous campaigns
of the fierce struggle. He was in one hundred and thirty-five en-
gagements of greater or less importance and had seven horses shot
from under him, but was never wounded during the whole war.
The same kind Providence that protected him from the rude Co-
manche's battle-axe preserved him from the shot and shell of his
more civilized foe.
The hostile tribes, still chafing under their forcible removal
from Texas and seeing the frontier denuded of troops, renewed
their attacks on the settlements, and many of the latter were aban-
doned. Some of the reservation Indians enlisted in the Union
army, being within the Federal lines, but Placido, chief of the
Tonkawas, refused to enlist, saying "he could never fight against
Texas." In a melee which ensued he and a number of his men
were killed. So great was the devotion of this simple tribe to their
native land, they gradually came back, or a part of them, to the
Clear Fork, where they were for a time allowed to stay on a reser-
vation set apart for them near Fort Griffin. This was a post that
was established after the civil war, when the Federal troops re-
occupied the Texan frontier, and named for Maj. Gen. C. Griffin,
commanding the military district of Texas. For many years suc-
'For a more detailed narrative of this episode, see De Shields, Cynthia
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/65/: accessed October 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.