The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 70
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
months of fighting and diplomacy quiet was restored, but the In-
dians continued threatening, and a blight rested upon the once
flourishing Spanish establishments. Further south, in the same
province, the Seri Indians soon afterwards destroyed the new mis-
sion at Guaymas, and for several years held the place against the
Spaniards. Peace made with the tribe only by extravagant prom-
ises was soon broken, and war continued, greatly to the discour-
agement of colonization and missionary work in the region south
of the Altar. Northeastern Sonora suffered from raids by Apaches
from the Gila country. These attacks, if not so continuous as the
disturbances caused by the near-by Pimas and Seris, were even
more disastrous because of the great numbers of the invaders.
In what is now Chihuahua-then northern Nueva Viscaya-the
devastation was perhaps somewhat less than in Sonora, but, never-
theless, there was general complaint there that the Spanish estab-
lishments were constantly exposed to destruction by the Apaches
and renegade mission Indians, while the unconquered savages of
Bolson de Mapimi infested the line of travel northward to Parral.
In New Mexico the Yutes, Apaches, and Comanches, all or sev-
erally, gave trouble nearly every year. In 1746 the last-named
tribe had made an unusually violent attack upon Pecos, Galisteo,
and other places, causing considerable loss of life along with the
destruction of property. This outrage was followed in succeeding
years by wars of vengeance that greatly disturbed the peace and
the prosperity of the community.
In spite of the exceptional prosperity of Nuevo Santander at this
time,1 it and Coahuila, like Chihuahua and Texas, suffered from
both apostate mission Indians and invading Apaches. The dan-
ger from the Apaches seems everywhere to have been less to human
life than to property. The chief resources of the northern Span-
'It was between 1748 and 1751 that the province of Nuevo Santander,
which lay south of Coahuila and Texas, was so successfully conquered
and colonized by Josh de Escand6n. Notwithstanding the general pros-
perity of the province, however, which was quite out of keeping with con-
ditions in the northern provinces as a whole, it was necessary to organize
in 1757 a general campaign against troublesome Indians. By means of
this campaign some -of the natives were reduced to mission life, and some
were driven into Coshuila or across the Rio Grande (Prieto, Historia,
Geografia Estadistica del Estado de Tamaulipas; Bancroft, Mexico, III,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/74/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.