The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 72
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
officials concerning the Indian depredations, and numerous ap-
peals from the settlers for protection. These reports and appeals
came to the notice of the king and he, in 1753, enjoined the
viceroy to take the matter in hand. Nothing being done, in 1756
the king commissioned the Marqu6s de Rubi, a Spanish field-mar-
shal, to inspect and make a report upon all the defences of the
interior provinces. The usual delay ensued, and it was ten years
before Rubi actually began his tour of inspection. But finally, in
March, 1766, he left Mexico City, accompanied by his engineer,
Nicolas de la Fora, and passed through one province after another,
arriving in Texas in August, 1767.1 The results of this visit are
told further on.
2. The cession of Louisiana to Spain, 176.-At the same time
that a demand was growing for stronger defences along the fron-
tier as a whole, there came a change that temporarily lessened the
strain on the northeastern Texas border. This change was the
cession of Louisiana by France to Spain in 1762, at the close of
the long struggle in America known as the French and Indian
The proximity of the French had from the first been the char-
acteristic motive for maintaining Spanish settlements in East
Texas. News of La Salle's fortification on Matagorda Bay was
what led Spain, after more than a century and a half's inactivity,
to found in 1690 the first mission in Texas. Mission San Fran-
cisco de los Texas, as the establishment was called, was placed
far to the east, near the Neches River. This mission and another
that was founded soon after, being abandoned, it required new
French encroachments, in the form of San Denis's trading ex-
pedition across Texas (1714-1715) to bring the Spanish back to
the frontier. Whatever may have been the designs of San Denis
or of the government behind him, the Spanish authorities feared
danger, and proceeded again to secure a foot-hold in the country
threatened. An expedition sent out in 1715 re-established the
graphical notes, page 69); and a report made in 1784 by Domingo Cabello,
governor of Texas, on the Indian affairs of Coahuila and Texas.
'Bonilla, Breve Compendio (Translation by Elizabeth Howard West in
THE QUARTERLY, VIII, 59. All of my citations of the Breve Compendio
are to this translation) ; Cavo, Los Tres Siglos de Mexico (Mexico, 1835-
1838), II, 184.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/76/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.