The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 79
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Spanish Abandonment and Re-Occupation of East Texas. 79
much more according to the intentions of the king, impedes com-
munication and traffic between it and the dominions of this
We should not, of course, regard these proposals of the Marqu6s
de Rubi as a recommendation that Spain should relinquish her
title to the territory in question, or that she should never under-
take to occupy it, for they were conditioned by the fact that beyond
Texas lay another possession nominally Spanish, which, in a sense,
made Texas an interior province. But they did mean that Rubi
considered that for a long time to come, at least, it would be useless
for Spain to try to colonize or to exercise any real control in the
country between Louisiana and San Antonio de B6xar; and the
adoption of these recommendations by the king was, on the part of
the central government, a confession of the same sort.
II. THE NEW FRONTIER POLICY, 1772.
1. The royal order of 1772.-Rubi's report passed to the hands
of the king, and, after the usual deliberate course of Spanish leg-
islation, the monarch issued, on September 10, 1772, an order
popularly known as the "New Regulation of Presidios."2 This
was practically an adoption of Rubi's proposals, with the supple-
mentary legislation requisite to carry them into effect.3
We have seen that the central point of Rubi's plan was to con-
'Dictamen, section 25.
'Reglamento a instruccion para los presidios que han de formar en
la linea de frontera de la Nueva Espafia. Resuelto por el Rey en c~dula
de 10 de Setiembre de 1772. First printed in Madrid, 1772. The copy of
the document which I have used is in Arrillaga, Recopilacion de Leyes,
decretos, Bandos, Reglamentos, Circulares y Providencias de los Supremos
Poderes de los Estados-Unidos Mexicanos, etc. (Mexico, 1835), IX, 139-
189. I have unfortunately been unable thus far to find any records re-
vealing the inner process by which this legislation was brought about.
'On the changes made on the northern frontier in consequence of this
royal order, see, besides, the authorities already cited, Revillagigedo's
Informe de Abril, 1793 (in Cavo, Tres Siglos, III, 112), and his Carta
de 27 de Diciembre, in Diecionario Universal de Historia y de Geografia,
V, 426 (Mexico, 1853-1856, 4to 10 Vols., and Madrid, 1846-1850, 4to 8
Vols.) ; Velasco, Sonora, Its Extent, etc. (San Francisco, 1861); Escudero,
Noticias Estadisticas de Sonora y Sinaloa (Mexico, 1849).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/83/: accessed December 15, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.