The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 80
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
centrate effort upon the defence of what he considered the real
possessions of New Spain. To do this it was necessary to place the
fortifications in such relations that one could support another, and
near enough together to prevent hostile Indians breaking through
the intervening spaces. Accordingly, the royal order provided that
the fifteen frontier presidios should be placed forty leagues apart
in an irregular line extending from Altar, near the head of the
Gulf of California, as the westernmost, to Bahia del Espiritu
Santo, on the San Antonio River in Texas, as the easternmost.
The intermediate presidios of the line, named in order from west
to east, were to be Tubac, Terrenate, Fronteras, Janos, San Buena-
ventura, Paso del Norte, Guajoquilla, Julimes, Cerrogordo, San
Saba, Monclova, and San Juan Bautista. Of these only three,
Janos, San Juan Bautista, and Bahia del Espiritu Santo, were to
From the outposts, Santa F6 and San Antonio de Bexar, re-
spectively, Robledo, twenty leagues above El Paso, and Arroyo del
Cibolo, between San Antonio de B6xar and Bahia del Espiritu
Santo, were to be garrisoned.2
The force at San Antonio de B6xar was to be increased to the
size recommended by Rubi, by bringing the requisite number of
soldiers from Adaes and Orcoquisac; Santa F6 was likewise
to have eighty soldiers, Bahia del Espiritu Santo fifty-one,
and the rest of the presidios of the line forty-six each.3 The pre-
sidio of San Saba, instead of being extinguished, as Rubi had sug-
gested, was to be removed to the banks of the Rio Grande,
while those of Adaes and Orcoquisac, with their missions, were to
be suppressed. The families at Adaes and, Los Ais were to be
brought to the vicinity of Bexar and given lands.
'The map made by de la Fora (see page 74) was the -one by which the
king's advisers were guided in drawing up the "New Regulation" (Arril-
laga, Recopilacion, IX, 172). For the location of most of these pre-
sidios before they were changed, see maps in Bancroft, North Mexican
States and Texas, I, 251, 310, 377, 381.
2Reglamento 6 instruccion, bitle "Instruecion para la nueva eolocacion
de presidios," Sec. 1.
8At each of the .other presidios there were to be kept ten Indian ex-
plorers, but as it was thought that there were no Indians near Bahfa suit-
able for this purpose, that place was to have five additional soldiers (Regla-
mento 6 instruccion, Titulo Segundo, in Arrillaga, Recopilacion, IX, 142).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/84/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.