The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 5
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Diplomatic Relations of England and Republic of Texas. 5
Henderson pressed his application vigorously, but felt assured by
the end of the year that recognition was out of the question.'
2. Establishment of commercial relations-Texas clearances
recognized in English ports.
Henderson's next move was to go to France and secure the recog-
nition of the government of Louis Philippe; but before leaving
England he made an arrangement with Palmerston by which com-
merce could be carried on between the ports of England and Texas.
The Texas government wished to negotiate a commercial treaty with
England, but the English government, unwilling to give Texas
the recognition that this would involve, found a means by which
it could evade the question of recognition and trade with Texas
without a commercial treaty. After much delay Palmerston noti-
fied Henderson that for purposes of trade Texas, until she should
be recognized either by Mexico or by England herself, would be
treated as a part of Mexico, and that vessels under the Texas flag
or with clearances from Texas custom-houses would be admitted
into English ports under the terms of the commercial treaty be-
tween England and Mexico, in spite of the fact that their papers
would show on their face that they were issued by the authorities
of Texas and not of Mexico. The arrangement was rather pe-
culiar and, from the Texas standpoint at least, undignified, and
Henderson seems to have felt some chagrin at it; but the temper
of Lord Palmerston toward him was such that any concession
was a matter of congratulation on Henderson's part.2
3. British Claims and Demands Upon Texas.
(1) The cases of the Eliza Russell and the Little Penn. -
At this period occurred an episode which added interest to the re-
lations of the governments of England and Texas and on one oc-
casion at least threatened to destroy their friendship. Texas was
'Wharton to Austin, Jan. 6, 1837; Wharton to Rusk, Feb. 12, 1837;
Hunt to Henderson, Apr. 15, 1837; Houston to Palmerston, June 20,
1837; Irion to Henderson, June 25, 1837; Henderson to Irion, June 25,
Oct. 14, and Dec. 22, 1837, and Jan. 5, 1838.
'Henderson to Irion, Jan. 5, 1837, and Jan. 30, and Apr. 12, 1838.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/9/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.