The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906 Page: 91
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Spanish Abandonment and Re-Occupation of East Texas. 91
pected support from Ripperda,-indeed he may have encouraged
them to present their request,-for it was known that withdrawal
from the frontier was not in accord with his desires. Ever since he
had become governor he had taken, under the influence of Captain
Atanacio de Mezieres y Clugnes, of Natchitoches, a definite posi-
tion regarding relations with the northeastern tribes. Of first im-
portance was to keep them under Spanish influence so that they not
only would remain friendly themselves, but also might be used
against the enemies of the Spaniards, particularly the Apaches and
the Comanches. This was the key-note of his dealings with the
northeastern Indians, and it seems to have been a foremost con-
sideration in his relations with Ybarbo.
Through the aid of Mezieres and Father Ramirez, president of
the Texas missions, Ripperda had in 1771 and 1772 ratified treaties
of friendship with several of the northernmost tribes,' who had
formerly been considered as enemies, and, at Mezibres's suggestion,
he had advocated enlisting these new friends in a campaign against
the Apaches.2 He maintained, moreover, that they could not be
kept friendly unless, like the French, the Spaniards would supply
them with fire-arms and ammunition. Otherwise, he said, they
would prefer war to peace, for the sake of an excuse for engaging
in their favorite pastime of stealing horses from the Spaniards and
selling them to the French. As an additional means of cementing
their friendship he recommended establishing among them a new
presidio, with a colony of citizens and a mission near it.
With foreign enemies as well as the Indians in view, he advo-
cated extending a line of presidios clear from New Mexico to the
'The principal ones of these were the Quitseis (Keechis), west or a lit-
tle northwest of Nacogdoches; the Yscanis, a short distance west of the
Quitseis; the Tawakanas on the Trinity and the Brazos rivers west of the
Yscanis; the Tonkawas, who lived a wandering life between the middle
courses of the Brazos and the Trinity; the Xaranames, apostates from the
mission at Bahia, now living among or near the Tawakanas; the Ovedsitaq
(Wichitas?), living on the Salt Fork of the Brazos; and the Taovayases
(Towash?), living northeast of the Ovedsitas on the Red River west of
one of the Cross Timbers (Mezieres, Informe, passim).
2Mezi(ares to Ripperda, July 4, 1772, in Expediente sobre proposiciones,
24-61. Bonilla, Breve Compendio, 66.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 9, July 1905 - April, 1906, periodical, 1906; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101036/m1/95/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.