The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907 Page: 8
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
Aside from an uncertain trading expedition by Saint Denis in
1705,' which may have extended as far west as the Rio Grande,
the French for a time made no attempt to operate beyond the
Valley of the Red River. But from this stream they evidently
.carried on an extensive trade with the Cenis and the Natchitoches
Indians. By the year 1700, then, the French sphere of influence,
if we may use the term, extended up the Red River as far as
modern Natchitoches, while that of the Spaniards barely reached
the Rio Grande at the Presidio of San Juan Bautista.
The grant by Louis XIV to Antoine Crozat, in 1712, marks a
rude attempt to give Louisiana some sort of delimitation. By its
terms the colony extended from the country of the Illinois (with
,trading privileges on the Missouri) to the Gulf, and from the
-Carolinas to New Mexico.2 While this document should be given
no more weight than is accorded to the "sea to sea" charters of
:the early English colonies, and while it was founded upon no more
:accurate geographical knowledge than they, yet as the first at-
tempt to define Louisiana it has had considerable importance in
-succeeding diplomatic history. Apparently it was as definite as
the French government wished to make it." The grant was also
,of especial importance in that it ushered in a new era for the
French colony-an era in which commercialism prevailed to the
Detriment of political and territorial interest.
In pursuance of this policy the new governor of Louisiana, M.
,de la Mothe de Cadillac, in 1713, sent a vessel to Vera Cruz to
open up a commerce, with that port, but in this he was unsuccess-
ful.4 The next year, however, Cadillac made a second attempt that
w-as destined to have important effects upon the Frinch territorial
claims to the west. In this he engaged M. Louis de Saint Denis,
a French captain of Canadian extraction who had long been em-
1Memorias de Nueva Espaia, XXVII 159-161. Another account relates
that Saint Denis visited the Spanish presidio on the Rio Grande in 1708.
See Historia XL]II, Doc. 67, Par. 14.
'Historia XLIII, Optisculo I, Par. 6.
'Two years later a French writer, basing his opinion upon La Salle's
settlement, suggested as the western boundary of Louisiana, the Guada-
lupe, which he describes as the Madeline, a snall river falling into the
'bay called by the Spaniards St. Bernard, and St. Louis by the French and
which consequently is neither the P9nuco nor the Del Norte. There is no
evidence that this proposition received any official consideration. Cf. Mar-
ogry, VI 185.
4Margry, V 494.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907, periodical, 1907; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101040/m1/16/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.