The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907 Page: 13
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The Louisiana-Texas Frontier. 13
to use force to dispossess the Spaniards should he find them in the
vicinity. As these orders were in conformity with royal instruc-
tions of November 16, 1718, they may be regarded as the definite,
assumption, by the French government, of a claim based upon
LaSalle's unfortunate mistake. La Harpe immediately discovered
that the neighboring Indians were utterly opposed to his settle--
ment, and in view of his slender resources retreated to Mobile.
This ended the last formal attempt of the French to take posses-.
sion of the Texas coasts.'
Following the events of 1719, the speedy restoration of peace pro--
duced the counter movement of the Spaniards which resulted in a.
permanent occupation of eastern Texas by their presidials and
missionaries. A patriotic resident of the province of Coahuila,
the Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo, was the leader of this-
fifth and last of the entradas which marked the establishment of
the Spaniards in Texas. Some years before, the Marqu6s had be-
sought the privilege of subduing and settling the province of Texas
at his expense, but his plan had not then been judged expedient.
Now the Mexican authorities, spurred on by Espinosa, president of
the east Texas missions, gladly accepted the renewal of Aguayo's
offer, which insured the peaceful reoccupation of the positions,
abandoned in 1719.2
Aguayo's imposing force of more than 500 men would have-
been sufficient to deter French opposition, had the latter cherished
any such thought. Far from this, however, Saint Denis met the
Spaniards at the Neches, reported the retirement of the French
to Natchitoches, and, by means of his influence among the Indians,.
smoothed the way for the re-establishment of the Spaniards at
Adaes. The Spanish diario of the journey, however, is filled with,
suspicious references to the supposed desire of the French to pen-
etrate to New Mexico or to the interior of Texas-a desire that-
would be precluded by Spanish possession of the frontier beyond
The double-dealing Saint Denis passed to Mobile to report to
'Fench, Hist. Coll. La., III 77, 95, 98; Margry, V 582; VI 347-354;
Bancroft, North Mexican States and T'exas, I 616.
2The Diario of Aguay o's entrada is found in Memorias de Nueva
Espaia, XXVIII, 1-62. For a brief account, see Garrison, Texas, 77-80..
For Espinosa's representation to the viceroy, cf. Historia XLIII, Opus--
culo III, Par. 25.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907, periodical, 1907; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101040/m1/21/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.