The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907 Page: 18
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
spirit which was responsible for French pretensions, such as those
displayed in the grant to Crozat, and for encroachments in which
France was always the aggressor. But even during this period
there was a limit to Spanish tolerance, and it is claimed that the
Grand Monarch himself assured the Spanish king that if France
continued to hold any points on the Gulf of Mexico, it would not
be as possessor of the soil, but for the purpose of .aiding the Span-
iards to retard the advance of the English.' The presence of the
French in Louisiana, then, was due simply to Spanish toleration,
consequent upon the peculiar dynastic conditions of France and
Spain, although there was some recognition of the influence of
Spain's decadent position upon this result.
This spirit of toleration likewise characterized Spanish policy
after 1721. The fact of French occupation was recognized, but not
the right. This recognition, however, extended only to existing
settlements, and prohibited any extension beyond a certain definite
area. It was this permissive occupation, however, which affected
the Spanish colonial dominions so unfavorably that Spain later
gladly accepted the gift of Louisiana when the exigencies of the
Family Pact rendered it advisable for France to offer it.2 Such,
according to Spanish interpretation, was the official position of
the French and Spanish governments before the transfer of Louis-
iana to the latter. It was a policy of negation rather than of ex-
press official sanction, although every governor of Texas had ex-
plicit orders to prevent further French encroachment.
With the question neglected by the home governments, all suc-
ceeding attempts at more accurate delimitation of the uncertain
Louisiana-Texas frontier were the result of local initiative, and, as
such, interesting from the standpoint of personal opinion rather
than important in a national view. They are of some value, how-
ever, as indicating a trend towards greater definiteness in designat-
ing national areas.
In 1727 Don Pedro de Rivera made an inspection of the pres-
idios and missions of Texas. As a result of his visit, and despite
the protests of the friars, the presidial garrisons were considerably
reduced. This move indicated lessened fear of French invasion,
'Historia XLIII, Opisculo I, Par. 31. Cf. Margry, IV 543 et seq.
2listoria XLIII, Opisculo 1, Par. 38, 39, 57; Ibid., Document LXVII,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907, periodical, 1907; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101040/m1/26/: accessed December 14, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.