The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907 Page: 247
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A Study of the Route of Cabeza De Vaca.
natives; but the letter brings out certain matters that are obscure
in the Naufragios, and supplies many omissions. The joint study
reveals the route in a fuller light, and it must be a matter of regret
that when Mr. Bandelier presented the new translation of the one
in the "Trailmakers Series" he did not incorporate a translation of
the other also. Since Oviedo knew Cabeza personally, and could
inquire into the matter for himself, we must respect his opinion-
an opinion which I think an examination of the two accounts will
sustain. There are some striking discrepancies that are interest-
ing. That account which is the more detailed at certain points,
however, should command our credence the more-all things else
being equal. In this paper all citations from Cabeza's single ac-
count are to be referred to the Bandelier translation, because it is
more accessible than that of Buckingham Smith, and in some re-
spects better; and the reference will, for brevity, be made under
the word "Cabeza." The reference to the joint letter will be made
under the word "Oviedo"-the original Spanish being found in that
author's Historia General y Natural de las Indias" in Tomo III, at
pages 582 to 618, of the usual edition found in our libraries.
With the exception of a certain Ortiz whom De Soto found on the
coast of Florida, Alvar Nufiez Cabeza de Vaca, AndrBs Dorantes,
Alonso del Castillo Maldonado, and Estevanico, a Moor and servant
of Dorantes, were all that finally survived from the army of Pamfilo
de Narvaez, which entered Florida in 1527. Five barges of this
expedition were wrecked on the Gulf coast of Texas in November
of that year. Two of these, containing the Cabeza party were
stranded on an island from which they began their remarkable
journey by land; and the other barges were lost further westward-
that of the governor having landed its men before being swept out
to sea. From this island where Cabeza was, two different parties
went on westward, by land only, before Cabeza made the attempt
six years later, which time he spent in slavery and in wandering
inland and along the coast in trading and exploring ventures.
When he starts, he meets with the other three survivors mentioned,
and after a year and a half of delay they all escape from their
Indian masters, go a short way and spend the winter, and then
pass far inland northward, and spend almost the whole of another
winter before they reach, west of this, a great river, with perma-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907, periodical, 1907; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101040/m1/275/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.