The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907 Page: 23
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The Louisiana-Texas Frontier.
his own effrontery."1 The establishment of the new presidio on the
Trinity promised to relieve the situation very little; and even the
viceroy, Amarillas, anxious as he was to keep out the French,
recommended forbearance towards these intruders, in order to
avoid hostilities. If we may credit later testimony there were also
at this time extensive French trading settlements along the course
of the Red River at the ancient Caddo village and Bayou Pierre;
at Dout and among the Nandaco Indians in the valley of the
Sabine; and even some distance west of that river.2
One result of this unauthorized intrusion appeared during the
unfortunate campaign of 1758 against the Apaches.3 It was found
that these savages were supplied with firearms, evidently from
French traders, and what was worse, that they were flying a French
flag. Its presence did not necessarily imply that Frenchmen
formed part of the allied host, but flag and firearms were the signs
of unscrupulous measures employed in stirring up the border In-
dians against the Spaniards. In this campaign the dismayed Span-
iards ingloriously retreated, leaving a large portion of their camp
equipage and all of their artillery in possession of the exultant
savages. Four years later the Spanish missionaries complained
of this illegal French trade, which not only prevented their own
attempts at converting the Indians, but also threatened the intro-
duction of French and even of English commerce far within the
Meanwhile the report that the Spaniards were about to estab-
lish a new presidio on the Trinity stirred up the French governor
of Louisiana to revive well nigh forgotten claims to the whole
of Texas. In 1756 a certain M. Livendais braved Spanish ex-
clusiveness by presenting himself on board of a vessel in the harbor
of Vera Cruz.4 His mission was to purchase certain provisions and
munitions of war-in which he was only partially successful-
and to protest against the erection of the new fortification. Liv-
endais had desired to present his communication in person to the
viceroy, but was denied the privilege, so he contented himself with
'Morff, Memorias, 318.
2American State Papers, Foreign Relations, II 692-694; Annals of Con-
gress, 9 Cong., 2 Sess., 1076 et seq.; Stoddard, Sk7etches of Louisiana, 145;
John Sibley to (Maj. Amos Stoddard?) Sibley Papers, Mo. His. Soc.
8Bonilla, in Memorias de Nueva Espaa, XXVII 30.
'Historia, XLIII, Document LXX, Pars. 1, 2, 4; Morff, Memorias, 318.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907, periodical, 1907; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101040/m1/31/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.