The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907 Page: 28
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
point, Louisiana was to be administered as a possession quite dis-
tinct from its neighboring provinces. The barrier that separated
Louisiana from Texas--largely an uncertain paper one-must be
emphasized, in order that the former colony might not prove a
breach in Spain's wall of commercial exclusion.
A change that marked a step in advance along the Louisiana
border occurred almost contemporaneously with the official trans-
fer. During the early months of 1764 some 650 Acadians ar-
rived at New Orleans.1 A portion of these were settled on the
banks of the Mississippi, but the greater number -at Attakapas and
Opelousas. As Natchitoches was previously the only formal French
settlement west of the Red River, this migration emphasizes a
movement of French speaking people towards the Sabine. The
event, however, occurred after the official transfer of the province
to Spain, and although that power had not yet taken possession,
the movement can not be regarded as strengthening the claims of
France to the region between the Mississippi and the Sabine.2
The transfer of the colony did not promise an immediate con-
version of illegal French traders into law-abiding Spanish sub-
jects. The presidio upon the Trinity, designed to break up this
trade, became the scene of a quarrel between Governor Martos
and Captain Riafael Martin Pacheco, during which the Captain
was arrested and the presidio burned. Later the governor was
removed from office.3 This quarrel may have arisen on account
of contraband trade. The frontier missionaries of the period em-
phasize the lamentable effect of such irresponsible trading upon
their neophites.4 These complaints continued even after the Span-
iard, O'Reilly, assumed command ar New Orleans. The Indians
were supplied with firearms and munitions by which they became
more dreaded on the frontier. The Spaniards blamed the French
and the latter the English; but it was a matter of common knowl-
edge along the border that many French fortunes owed their origin
to this trade. 'This, of course, could not be prevented while Louis-
iana belonged to France, and after the transfer only the lawless per-
sisted in the traffic. One unfortunate result was the opportunity
1French, Hist. Coll. La., V 146, note.
2Robin, Voyages dans I'Interior de la Louisiane, III 153, 154.
'Bonilla, Breve Compendio, Translation by West, QUARTERLY, VIII 58.
4Memorias de Nueva Espaia, XXVIII, 170.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907, periodical, 1907; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101040/m1/36/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.