The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907 Page: 32
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
that had influenced the authorities in abandoning the eastern part
of bhe province had been the desire to break up the illicit trade
with the English, French, and Indians, carried on principally by
the leading resident of Adaes, Antonio Gil Ybarbo, and a French
merchant, Nicolas de la IMathe, of Point Coupe6, Louisiana. It
was supposed by some of the officials that the reason Ybarbo and
his fellow settlers wished to return to the Trinity was to resume
this trade. Nevertheless, the removal from eastern Texas has
caused so much suffering that the petition of those involved was
granted; and with many instructions designed to check contraband
trade, Bucareli was duly established.
The petition of the settlers to return to eastern Texas had ap-
pealed to the Governor, who desired to guard that section against
English intrusion and to keep the Indians attached to the Span-
iards. The situation upon the Trinity was, however, very un-
favorable, as alternate experiences of flood and drought, added to
attacks by the Comanches, soon taught its inhabitants. Under the
leadership of Gil Ybarbo they made another removal in 1779, to
Nacogdochcs, which henceforth received a sort of official endorse-
ment and became the center of Spanish influence in eastern 'Texas.
This community, together with the establishment on the San An-
tonio River, constituted the only formal settlements in the prov-
While the new settlement had been located upon the Trinity
charges were freely made against its inhabitants for engaging in
clandestine trade, not merely with the French, but also with the
English, although they had been especially ordered to break up this
intercourse. Ybarbo, their commandant, the French merchant
Nicholas de la Mathe, and even Governor Ripperda, were charged
with participating in this traffic, and thus indirectly terrorizing
the settlements upon the San Antonio River and farther within
Mexico through Indian raids stirred up by foreign traders intro-
duced along the Trinity. Trade with the Louisiana French or
with the English was alike illegal, but this practice characterized
the new settlers at Nacogdoches, and resulted in a moderate
degree of prosperity. In 1779 the community was officially recog-
'Historia LI, Correspondence of Viceroy Bucareli regarding the Trinity
settlers; also THE QUARTERLY, IX 102-105, 119-122.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907, periodical, 1907; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101040/m1/40/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.