The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907 Page: 65
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The Louisiana-Texas Frontier.
learned something of the Governor's preparations in Canada and
told Zen6n Trudeau, the Spanish commandant at St. Louis, that he
thought the proposed armament was destined to attack upper Louis-
iana. Accordingly he gave Trudeau a plan for defending St.
Louis, which he regarded as the key for the defense of the Upper
Mississippi and the Missouri and the connecting link for com-
munication between the Gulf of Mexico and the Southern Ocean.'
As he passed down the Mississippi Collot learned that in addition
to the expedition against Upper Louisiana, British emissaries in
the Southwest were attempting to organize the frontiersmen and
Indians for a foray into lower Louisiana and New Mexico, by way
of Red River. Collot took pains to inform the Spanish command-
ers of this threatening danger, although he was suspected by
Carondelet of designs upon the Spanish government of the colony;
and he later claimed that while at Natchez he told Gayoso the
name of the prime mover, John D. Chisholm.2
The intrigues of this individual finally involved Senator William
Blount of Tennessee. The latter, an extensive speculator in lands
along the lower Mississippi, became alarmed at the prospect of
France's acquiring Louisiana; and in order to preserve his inter-
ests planned the seizure of that province and the Floridas for Eng-
land. His frontier levies were to be joined by an English fleet
and a military force from Canada, but owing to a premature revela-
tion of plans, the English government disclaimed any responsibil-
ity for the action of its subordinates. The most important diplo-
matic result following the incident was the retention by Spain until
1798 of certain posts east of the Mississippi - posts which she
should have yielded to the United States upon ratification of the
Treaty of 1795.3 Early in 1797 Chisholm visited England, but
failed to enlist the support of British officials, while the premature
disclosures of Blount's part in the affair led to his impeachment
and the loss of his seat in the Senate.
'Collot, A Journey in North America, I 251; II 5.
"Ibid., II 5, 12, 64, 65-68; American Historical Review, X 600, 601;
Robin, Voyages, II 1198.
'American Historical Review, X 273-275. Cf. also Ibid., 574 et seq, and
Life and Correspondence of Rufus King, 11 253-258. The surrender of
these posts was looked upon by certain French statesmen and travelers as
a great blow to the ambitious colonial policy of France. Cf. Baudry des
Loziores, Voyages a la Louisiane, 202; Adams, History of the United'
States, II 61, 62.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907, periodical, 1907; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101040/m1/73/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.