The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907 Page: 85
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Land Speculation as a Cause of the Texas Revolution. 85
of a contract, which we offer your Excellency, strictly and literally
to fulfill. We obligate ourselves to place, subject to the orders of
your Excellency, on, thousand able-bodied men, with all their equip-
ments of war for the term of one year, and we will cause them to
rendezvous at the place which may be designated to us within the
term of four months at most, on the condition that, in compensa-
tion for our labors, the four hundred leagues of land be granted to
us." The governor approved the proposal, and two days later a for-
mal contract was signed. The petitioners were required to raise by
voluntary enlistment within two months five hundred men, and
within four months the whole number of one thousand. They were
to be provided by the contractors with good arms and an abundance
of ammunition at all times; but the government would furnish
them food and horses. Article 12 declared that failure to fulfil
any of the stipulations would render the whole contract void.1 No
pecuniary consideration is mentioned in the contract, but it is
not certain that the contractors were not also required to pay a
nominal sum for their grant. For D. B. Edward declares that
"A committee [headed by S. M. Williams] from a company of
Land speculators, whose plans were well laid and whose funds
were completely organized, presented themselves before this
. . . Legislature; who immediately passed a decree to sell the
vacant lands of Texas, and otherwise arranged it to be done as soon
as bidders should present themselves. Of course they were there
-and purchased this already surveyed land, of 411 leagues, for
30,000 dollars in hand, to the Government."2 This statement, with
slight variations, appears in most of the subsequent histories of
Texas3 It may refer to this contract by Williams, Peebles, and
Johnson, or to some of the other purchases that were made
in 1835. Johnson himself, in a review (MS.) of Ed-
ward's History of Texas, replied to this charge with an
emphatic denial that either he or his associates "bought
'Supplement to the House Journal of the Fifth Congress, 329-32.
2Edward, History of Texas, 236.
"See Newell, History of the Revolution of '"exas, etc., New York, 1838,
pp. 40-41; Leclerc, Le Texas et Sa R6volution, Paris, 1840, pp. 68-69;
Kennedy, Texas, etc., London. 1841, Vol. II, pp. 83-84; Foote, Texas and
the Texans, Philadelphia, 1841, Vol. II, pp. 57-58; Maillard, The History
of the Republic of Texas, etc., London, 1842, p. 77; Yoakum, History of
Texas, I 320-21, 331-32; Bancroft, North Mexican States and Texas, II
149; Brown, History of Texas, 1 261-62.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907, periodical, 1907; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101040/m1/93/: accessed May 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.