The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 13, July 1909 - April, 1910 Page: 258
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258 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
deep the foundation of his colonies, and it was also the time when
for various reasons Texas suffered least interference from the gen-
eral government. The second extends from the middle of 1832
to perhaps the end of 1834; during these years Texas came more
into the current of national politics, and loyalty in his mind be-
came conditional upon the organization of Texas as a separate
state of the confederation in order to correct in a measure the
evils of the federal administration. The third covers the fifteen
months or so preceding March 2, 1836, when Santa Anna was de-
stroying the federal system and establishing a centralized govern-
ment somewhat like that of the consular government of France
under Napoleon Bonaparte; Austin now realized that even sep-
arate statehood would not protect Texas and mentally advanced
to the last step-the declaration of independence.
Passing from generalities to particulars, Austin in the first
period showed his loyalty to Mexico and his protective relation to
the colonists by his attitude toward the Fredonian Rebellion,
Guerrero's emancipation decree of 1829, the law of April 6, 1830,
and the troubles of 1832. It will suffice to review these episodes
very briefly. In 1825 Hayden Edwards entered into a contract
with the government to settle eight hundred families in the dis-
trict around and including Nacogdoches. There was already there
a considerable population, mostly Mexican, and Edwards early in-
curred the resentment of the old settlers by questioning their land
titles; later he had trouble with some of his own colonists who ob-
jected to paying the small fee that he charged them for land;
finally he became involved in an election dispute at Nacogdoches
which the political chief at Bexar decided against him. By Octo-
ber, 1826, feeling against him, and especially against his brother,
B. W. Edwards, was so high that the political chief somewhat ar-
bitrarily issued a decree -banishing him from the country. He de-
termined to resist, and with a handful of followers declared Texas
independent; made an alliance with the Cherokees; and tried to
incite Austin's colonists to a race war against the Mexicans. In
this last, however, he failed, for Austin not only prevented his
colonists from responding but actually caused them to join the
Mexican troops in putting down the rebels. Austin then de-
tached the Indians from their alliance and exerted his influence to
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 13, July 1909 - April, 1910, periodical, 1910; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101051/m1/284/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.