The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 13, July 1909 - April, 1910 Page: 286
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
Ayres arrived from the Old Mission, some fifteen miles distant in
the direction of San Patricio, and brought reliable news of the ar-
rival of the Mexicans at that place, and of their maltreating all
Americans there, bearing themselves with special insolence toward
the women. Colonel Fannin immediately despatched Captain King
with a party of twenty men to remove all American women and
children to our fort. Captain King was surrounded by a superior
force of the enemy, but cut his way through them and retreated to
the Old Mission Church, from which point he sent a messenger to
Colonel Fannin, stating his position and asking for reinforcements.
Fannin sent Colonel Ward, with his Georgia Battalion, to King's
assistance. On Ward's arrival at the Mission Church, a difference
of opinion arose as to who should command the whole force. Not
being able to come to any agreement, they separated; Ward re-
treating in a southeasterly direction for some distance, and then
striking for the San Antonio river with the intention of joining
us. King got out of the church, and after a skirmish with the
Mexicans, retreated on the direct road to Goliad. He and his men
were taken prisoners, tied together with rawhide, and shot imme-
diately. We heard of the surrender and killing of King and his
men, and the retreat of Colonel Ward in the direction above men-
tioned, and were in daily expectation of Ward's command arriving
at Goliad. About the 8th or 9th of March we heard of the fall
of the Alamo and the killing of Colonels Bowie and Crockett and
all their men. Colonels Bowie and Crockett having refused all
propositions for surrender or capitulation, the garrison held out
until reduced to seven men, who asked for quarter and were re-
fused.' On the 17th of March the enemy appeared on the oppo-
site side of the river. We sent over a skirmishing party of one
company (under Captain Shackelford's command, I think), who
had an engagement with the enemy, we watching from the ram-
parts with the most intense anxiety.2 They were recalled by Colo-
nel Fannin, after the enemy's retreat to the Old Mission Church.
'Ram6n Martinez Caro, Santa Anna's secretary, says (Verdadera Idea de
Za primera Comparea de Tejas, etc., 11) that after the Alamo was taken
five men who had hidden themselves during the *action surrendered to Gen-
eral Castrillon, but were shot by Santa Anna's order.
Compare Bernard's account of this skirmish, which he dates March 18.
A Comprehensive History of Texas, 1, 619-620.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 13, July 1909 - April, 1910, periodical, 1910; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101051/m1/312/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.