The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 13, July 1909 - April, 1910 Page: 58
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
fore entering the Brazos bottom This is a low flat black rich
soil from five to 6 miles wide well timbered and in many places
covered with impassable Cane breaks-the greater part of this bot-
tom is inundated by the overflowings of the Brazos River which
happens at an average once in three years Sometimes two or
three years in succession It is a stream of prodigious rapidity
and great depth when full-it is scarce 100 yds in breadth at
Sanfelipe from bank to bank. Sanfelipe is situate on the west
bank on a high rolling prairie that here runs into the river it is
composed of about 20 houses principally of hewn logs. Col Aus-
tin's is quite a commodious and respectable dwelling This town
is centrally situated as the capital of Austin's Colony in latitude
290, 45',-long. about 97", 30'-there is a great deal of excellent
land in its vicinity-much of it unfortunately subject to destruc-
tive overflows-it is also a fine stock country-the choice lands
tho' for cotton and sugar on this river lie about 20 miles above
and commencing perhaps at the same distance below, from them
down to the sea board where lies the best land and being on tide
much of it, is not inundated. Vessels do not yet approach nearer
than within 60 miles of Sanfelipe-but at a small expense can be
rendered navigable for small steam vessels the whole distance up
160 miles by water and 80 by land from the sea board. Sanfelipe
can not be called a healthy place because of the inundations of
country around by the River-this generally takes place in May-
another cause is the prevailing South East winds blowing over a
large portion of these stagnations must bear with it miasmata
sufficient to affect of itself the health of the place it is thought
that these causes may in a great measure be deprived of their
baneful effects. There is however very little sickness prevailing
this year-many attribute it principally to the great drought which
commenced immediately after the overflow and still continues-
notwithstanding these natural causes so- powerfully operative
against the colonial planter, there is more than one individual on
this Mississippi of Texas, as the Brazos may be well termed if
small things may be compared with great, who will turn out more
than 100 bales of cotton and sugar cane proportionally-it is
thought there will be a sufficiency of sugar made this year to sup-
ply both Colonies-Austin's and De Witt's-tho' in the former
alone the census of last Spring makes a total of 3000 souls
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 13, July 1909 - April, 1910, periodical, 1910; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101051/m1/66/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.