The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 13, July 1909 - April, 1910 Page: 74
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Tlexas Historical Association Quarterly.
the centre of the waiting circles, and every one that is fortunate
enough to have a knife makes a lively use of it till the whole
head is fairly demolished and as many of the legs as can be posy
sibly crowded after it. When they have to pay for their meat
in market a very little is made to suffice a family it is generally
cut into a kind of' hash with nearly as many peppers as there are
pieces of meat-this is all stewed together. The way in which
they obtain their bread is worthy of notice. They raise only In-
dian corn-this is soaked in lime or ley till the rind of the grain
is taken off it is then ground on a concave stone about 12 inches
wide and 20 in length with legs cut to it 6 or 8 inches long-the
hinder being somewhat longest so as to give the stone an inclina-
tion from the body of the grinder-a handful of corn is laid on
this and masticated with another stone resembling a roller but
cut so as to fit the concavity this operation is always performed
by the women, and in a kneeling posture-they generally go over it
a third time-if they wish to treat their friends with very white
bread the whole family gather round the pot of corn and grain
by grain bite off the little black speck at the end of the germ-
when the dough is already1 a small portion at a time is taken and
patted in the hands till thin as a flannel cake-this cake making
operation is always accompanied with tunes and words that seem
peculiarly to chime in with the patting ceremony it reminded me
very much of our tuneful ladies in a finery starching scene. These
cakes are baked on sheet iron and when eaten hot with butter or
gravy are very palatable-but soon get tough-they answer the
natives for spoons with which they all dip into the same dish of
meat and peppers prepared as above-one spoon not lasting longer
than to supply with two mouthfuls when a new one is made use
of. Very few families are supplied with the common necessary
kitchen and household utensils-not even with chairs-sitting on
skins spread upon the earthen floors of their dwelling thus live
the commonality throughout the northern provinces of Mexico.
The population of San Antonio is differently estimated from
three to five thousand-they must rapidly improve with their in-
creasing intercourse with the Americans. There is kept up here
a garrison of three or four hundred soldiers for the defence of the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 13, July 1909 - April, 1910, periodical, 1910; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101051/m1/82/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.