The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 13, July 1909 - April, 1910 Page: 75
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J. C. Clopper's Journal and Book of Memoranda for 1828. 75
place against the Indians but more particularly that very powerful
tribe the Cumanches who are supposed to be 6 or 7,000 warriors
strong and are continually at war with the Mexicans in some one
part of the Province of Texas Saw about 20 or 30 of this tribe,
who came in to trade-they are fine looking men-and the largest
in frame considered collectively, I ever saw-are remarkably proud
and overbearing toward the Mexicans whom they heartily despise
Allways on horseback in their travels and warfare-are expert
horsemen-use the bow the lance and the shield not having many
firearms among them-their mode of attack is generally by ar-
ranging the lances in front, the guns in the center and bows in
the rear-their horses at full speed accompanied with the fury
and yellings of demons-they are among the bravest and most
warlike of the Mexican tribes-friendly in their disposition toward
Americans and dreading the deadly rifle. The Lapans' are a
branch of the Cumanches and the next most formidable tribe in
Texas. These two tribes range from the Brazos River to the Rio
Grande and the mountainous country south of Santa Fee but are
rarely known to molest American traders in those countries. Have
abundance of figs peaches and melons here-very little attention
paid to the cultivation of fruits tho' it is a climate very congenial
to most of tropical productions-fall from a grape tree very seri-
ously hurt-sell off our goods at auction-make arrangements for
journeying to the east. Take a ride with Captn. Lindsay toward
the head of the San Antonio river which rises 6 or 7 miles above
the town or rather gushes a full sized river of the lesser magnitude
from under one of the immense hills north of the town. We be-
come bewildered among the hills woods arid ravines and are dis-
appointed in seeing the romantic spectacle but feel in a measure
compensated by witnessing a few miles farther N the most pic-
turesque and pleasing scenes of country that ever gratified our
views-immense hills-extensive vales-barren rocks-luxuriance
of verdure-deer starting up from before us and bounding over
the adjacent landscape--blue mountains towering in the distance,
as it were to shut out the view of infinitude-the whole lovely in
its original wildness, and most impressively imposing in sublimity.
Such is the scenery around San Antonio-forming an immense
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 13, July 1909 - April, 1910, periodical, 1910; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101051/m1/83/: accessed April 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.