The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 14, July 1910 - April, 1911 Page: 165
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Notes and Fragments.
The cause of the abandonment is seen to be the Comanche depre-
dations. Baptisms are shown for every year except 1826. The
average number for the twenty-one years was slightly more than
ten per year. The period of greatest activity was between 1808
and 1819, when the average was about fifteen baptisms per year.
Lest it be supposed that the persons baptized were all children
of survivors of a long dead mission, it may be noted that a con-
siderable percentage up to the last were children of "gentiles,"
fresh from the woods. The tribes represented were the Caranca-
huases, Pihuiques (Piguiques), Copanes, Huapites (Coapites),
Pamaques, Cujanes, Malaguites, (Malaquites, Malahuites), Paja-
laches, Tobosos, Cocos, Xaranames (from the mission of Espiritu
Santo), and Lipanes.
The title on the cover of the book of burials is, strangely
enough, "Entierros, Mision Mision (sic) de Ntro. Padre Sor. S.
Jos6 de Camargo. XX. No. 4." The inside, and correct, title
is "Libro II De Entierros. Hechos en la Mision de Ntra. Sra.
del Refugio de la Bahia Desde el aio de 1807." It contains 157
entries, between May 16, 1807, and Nov. 18, 1825. A number
of these, as of the baptisms, were of Spaniards. When we note
that twenty-seven of the one hundred and seven, or one-fourth, of
the persons buried during the last eleven years were killed by the
Indians, we can understand that Indian depredations furnished
a sufficient reason for deserting the unprotected mission. Fifteen
of these twenty-seven, buried in 1814 all at one time, were persons
killed at Rancho Diexmero, on the Nueces.
From the signatures affixed to the records we learn the names
of the missionaries in charge of the congregation during the period
covered. Most of the baptisms and burials between 1807 and
1817 were performed by Fray Jos6 Manuel Gait-n, "minister of
this mission of Ntra. Sra. del Refugio." Fray Juan Maria
Sepulveda signed entries in 1810 and 1811. An entry shows
that this father died and was himself buried at Refugio on June
28, 1815. At the time of his death he was minister of the
mision of Espiritu Santo de Zufiiga, and was about thirty-four
years of age. In 1817 and 1818 some of the entries were signed
by Fray Antonio Jos6 Diaz De Le6n. After 1818 all of the en-
tries were signed by Fray Miguel Mufioz.
These brief notes have been prepared from much fuller ones
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 14, July 1910 - April, 1911, periodical, 1911; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101054/m1/179/: accessed October 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.