The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 14, July 1910 - April, 1911 Page: 278
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly
doned,1 and after 1700 the mission of San Juan Bautista on the
Rio Grande formed the extreme Spanish outpost.2 During the
period 1716-1722, Texas was reoccupied and six missions and two
presidios in eastern Texas, a presidio and a mission on the San
Antonio, and a post and a mission on San Bernard Bay (Espiritu
Santo) were established
So far as has been ascertained, the first mention of the bound-
ary occurred in 1721 when the governor of Coahuila and Texas
stated it to be the Medina river.4 Similar statements are found
in Spanish documents in 1744 and 1746.1 In the latter year Jos6
de Escand6n was commissioned to pacify the gulf coast; the prov-
ince of Nunvo Santander was established; and Escand6n appears to
have had jurisdiction to the San Antonio. The La Fora map of
1767 placed the boundary somewhat west of the Medina.7 In 1772
Bonilla stated that the boundary line between Coahuila and Texas
was the Medina." All official documents for the rest of the cen-
tury placed it at the Nueces. An order of 1811 and an offi-
cial map of 1816 gave the Nueces as the boundary line between
Texas and Nuevo Santander, and the Medina as the boundary be-
tween Texas and Coahuila.9
N. French Olaims.-The first suggestion of a French occupation
of Texas came in 1682 from Pefialosa, a former governor of New
Mexico, who had found refuge at the court of Louis XIV. He
proposed to settle a French colony at the mouth of the Rio Bravo,
and La Salle no doubt heard of his schemes.10 In 1684 La Salle
was authorized to rule the country from the Illinois river to New
Biscay.t He landed on the shore of Matagorda Bay the follow-
1Clark, in THE QUARTERLY, V, 190-201; Bancroft, North Mexican States
and Texas, I, 402-406.
2Clark, ibid., VI, 4.
"Ibid., VI, 20-25; Austin, ibid., VIII, 285-286.
'Garrison, Westward Extension, 101; Cox, in THE QUARTERLY, VI, 85.
"Altamira, in Yoakum, History of Texas, I, 381-402; Garrison, West-
ward Extension, 101.
"Bolton, in TIIE QUARTERLY, VI, 187-190, 195.
'Garrison, Westward Extension, 101; also copy of the map in possession
of Professor Bolton.
"West, in THE QUARTERLY, VIII, 9-10.
9Bolton, ibid., VII, 202; Garrison, Westward Extension, 103-104.
1Miller, in THE QUARTERLY, V, 97-112.
1Bancroft, North Mexican States and Texas, I, 392-394.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 14, July 1910 - April, 1911, periodical, 1911; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101054/m1/308/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.