The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 14, July 1910 - April, 1911 Page: 338
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly
ington, of the strength of annexation sentiment in the United
States. From this time on, British efforts to prevent annexation
were limited to trying to persuade Mexico to recognize Texas on
condition of its remaining independent.
Perhaps uppermost in the minds of most students of the Texas
question who read Professor Adams's book will be a sense of com-
plaisant satisfaction that it leaves our previous conclusions upon
the subject essentially unchanged. Nevertheless, the book is of
distinct importance. Such a study had to be made from the
British archives to settle certain doubts that have heretofore ob-
truded themselves into every examination of the subject; and
Professor Adams has made his study with care. (1) Unques-
tionably one of the strongest motives influencing Northern an-
nexationists was the belief that the United States must take
Texas in order to prevent England from getting it. To what
extent was this belief justified? (2) Equally strong in the South
was the assurance that England wanted Texas, and added thereto
was the fear that she would use her position there to direct a cam-
paign for abolition against the Southern states. To what extent
was there ground for this fear? Although the author holds no
thesis and does not answer these questions categorically, his book
will nevertheless probably tend to set them finally at rest: (1)
England desired an independent Texas, and at one time Aberdeen
was ready, jointly with France, to prevent annexation by war, if
need be (pp. 159, 168) ; but there is no indication that the idea of
incorporating the territory into the British Empire was ever seri-
ously entertained by either Palmerton or Aberdeen. ((2) Eng-
land was deeply interested in the abolition of slavery throughout
the world, and Aberdeed did revolve in his mind tentative plans
for effecting abolition in Texas; but in this procedure he was per-
fectly frank, and nothing is added to the exposition of his motives
as presented in that portion of the Calhoun-Pakenham correspond-
ence published in 1814. This is not to say, however, that there
was no ground for American suspicions of British policy (p. 146).
While resolving these important doubts, Professor Adams raises
anew the question of Houston's true attitude toward annexation,
and plainly inclines to the belief that he sincerely desired to main-
tain the independent status of the Republic (pp. 131, 132, 135,
151, 161). But the evidence adduced goes equally well to
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 14, July 1910 - April, 1911, periodical, 1911; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101054/m1/368/: accessed May 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.