The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 6
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly
this feeling of dissatisfaction and disappointment was converted
into a desire to resist, and resulted in an aggressive movement on
the part of the French in 1719, when, at the order of Bienville, the
Governor of Louisiana, Blondel, the commandant at Natchitoches,
attacked the mission of los Adaes and brought about for some
time the general and complete abandonment of eastern Texas.1
This aggressive French movement was the immediate cause of the
Aguayo expedition, whose object was the reoccupation of the aban-
4. Spanish Fears of the French.-Even before the advent of
St. Denis in Mexico, Spanish officials had apprehended danger
from the French. As a barrier to those who had advanced as far
as Natchitoches after the Ram6n expedition of 1716, the missions
of San Miguel de ]os Adaes and Nuestra Sefiora de los Dolores
were established in 1717 along the route formerly used by the
French through Texas to Mexico.2 In the same year an attempt
was made to anticipate the French at the Cadodachos,3 and in
"knew well that there was no ground to hope to open up trade with the
Spanish. That is why he resolved to have a fort erected on the Red River
among the Natchitoches to prevent the descent which the Spanish could
make by that river to the Mississipy" (Margry, V, 535). Showing, fur-
ther, that he did not give up the idea of the French occupying Texas at
some time, and his dissatisfaction with the results of the St. Denis expe-
dition, he thinks, "The Spaniards are going to occupy it [Espirftu Santo
Bay] in order to exclude us [the French], and sieur Saint-Denis's letter
makes known their alarms, to which sieur Saint-Denis has contributed
much by not having followed his instructions." And finally his opinion
is that "if the Spaniards settle the Natchitoches on the Red River, .
that establishment will be very disconcerting and will ruin hopes which
one might have"; but he is persuaded that "they will maintain it only as
long as is wished, for it will be easy to destroy or appropriate it,"
and, "he will give orders to sieur Saint-Denis to engage all the savages
on Red River to oppose the establishments of the Spaniards." (Margry,
'Bienville, not only in letters to his home government, where he might
feel it to his advantage to show an anti-Spanish feeling, but in the one
to the Spanish commandant at los Adaes is clearly aggressive in tone.
In both cases he says that in 1719 he ordered that the Spanish be forced
to retire from los Adaes. In the former he declared that it had been
the intention of the company to oppose the return of the Spanish to the
Assinais as well as to los Adaes, and that he had ordered St. Denis to
secretly instigate the savages to refuse help in the way of maintenance
to the Spanish, and to intercept aid coming to the Assinais (Margry, VI,
2Representaci6n hecha por el M. R. y Venere P. An tonio Margil de Jesus,
in Colecci6n de Memorias, XXVII, 223-224.
3Arricivita, Cr6nica, 224; Espinosa, Chronica, 443.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/10/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.