The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 7
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The Aguayo Expedition
1719 La Harpe learned from the missionary at the mission of los
Adaes that Alarc6n had ordered an establishment among the
Fears of aggression from this quarter were frequently expressed
by the missionaries who were in Texas at the time. In June,
1718, Father Olivares at Mission San Antonio de Valero, in writ-
ing to the viceroy, said that the French had won the Indians over
by their gifts and their disinterestedness, and warned him of dan-
ger from this source should war break out, "for they [the French]
are supplying the Indians with arquebuses in addition to their
arrows.""2 Father Espinosa, priest at Concepci6n, on the Ange-
lina, commenting on French influence, relates that at the recep-
tion of Alarc6n in 1718, the Indians on the frontier "fired off
more guns than all the Spaniards put together," and that in that
one mission he had out of curiosity counted ninety-two guns in
the Indians' possession." And in the letter of July 2, 1719, by
the two missionary presidents, Margil and Espinosa, to the vice-
roy, an important source for the period, reference is made to
former letters they had written expressing similar, if not more
personal, fears of the French.4
Finally, these fears, together with other difficulties of the mis-
sionaries, were presented at the viceroy's court by a special mes-
senger. About the middle of 1718, the fathers in eastern Texas
were driven to a high degree of impatience by Alarcon's delay at
San Antonio, and despaired of getting any relief from him at all.
Father Margil sent for Father Espinosa, therefore, and at the
former's mission of Dolores a conference was held, at which six
religious were present. It was there decided to send two, repre-
sentatives to Mexico, one from each college of friars, to make a
personal appeal to the government, in the hope of removing cer-
tain misconceived prejudices, and of awakening the authorities
to the real danger of the situation in Texas. President Espinosa
was the Quer6taran representative chosen, and Fray Mathias Sanz
de San Antonio, the Zacateecan. These two had gone as far as San
'Margry, VT, 255.
2Autos sobre diferentes noticias que se han participado, etc., in Provin-
cias Internes, 181, University of Texas Transcripts.
'Espinosa, Chronica, 451.
4Razon de la fundacion de las missiones, B. MS.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/11/: accessed January 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.