The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 9
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The Aguayo Expedition
to strengthen the frontier, menace was offered by the French, and
the Spanish missionaries were driven from eastern Texas.
This occurrence was the immediate result and the reflection of
European complications. Out of the aspiration of Philip V to the
French throne came the unnatural union between France and
England in the Triple Alliance, and finally the political isolation
of Spain in the formation of the Quadruple Alliance. Spain's
retaliatory and aggressive policy carried out in her occupation of
Sardinia and her invasion of Sicily was the signal for the declara-
tion of war against her by France, January 9, 1719.1
2. The Capture of Pensacola by the French, May, 1719.-On
April 20, Bienville, the French governor at Mobile, received the
declaration of war and an order from the Company of the Occi-
dent, then in charge of Louisiana, to seize Pensacola immedi-
ately.2 On May 14 the French sea force surprised and captured
the fort. This was the first news the Spanish of Louisiana had
of the existence of war, and they claimed an unpardonable breach
of faith by the French in not having given the customary two
On June 29, the viceroy, by letter from Salinas, the governor
of San Jose, received news of the fall of Pensacola, and immedi-
ately began elaborate preparations for its recapture. His fleet,
however, did not arrive in time for the retaking of the fort.
According to stipulations, the French were to transport the Span-
ish garrison to Havana and thence to Spain. When, however, the
French frigates bearing the prisoners neared Havana, they were
accidentally met by a Spanish fleet, commanded by DI. Alonso Car-
rascosa de la Torre, and captured. Changing his original plans,
Carrascosa now veered toward Pensacola, and on August 7 recap-
tured the place without resistance.4
'Hassall, The Balance of Power, 1715-1789, Ch. II.
'Heinrich, La Louisiane sous la Compagnie des Indes, 1719-1731, 55.
'De la sorpresa hecha por los Franceses de la Movila en et Gastillo de
San Carlos, y punta de Singuenza y .su rc tauracion, por lay .1Ia. de
Su Magestad (que Dios Guarde) el dia 7 de Agosto de este. Historic, 396,
Archivo General. University of Texas Transcripts.
4De la Sorpresa hecha por los Franceses de la Movila, etc., University of
Texas Transcripts. See also Heinrich, La Louisiane sous la Compagnie
des Indes, 1719-1731, 57-59. The latter claims that fifty French soldiers
deserted, the former says that forty was the number that came over to
the Spaniards. As to the rest of the facts the accounts agree substantially.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/13/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.