The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 147
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Destruction -of Historical Archives of Texas
the mastros de campos, sarjentos mayores, captains, missionaries, and
soldiers, who expressed their opinions, that, considering their weak
and impoverished condition, the pueblo should be abandoned and
the whole body of the people should retreat towards Mexico, in as
good military order as possible, until they should meet the wagons
of supplies' and the escort that went with it, which had been started
from Mexico the year previous for the aid and support of the
religious of the province. This was supposed by that time to be
not very far down the river. Garcia having heard the opinions
as expressed not only by the soldiers, but by the missionaries as
well, and looking as he said to the conservation of the lives of all
in that pueblo, at once, as Lieutenant-Governor and Captain-Gen-
eral, and with no superior authority above him in the whole
province, as he thought, gave the order for the retreat.2 The
preparations were begun promptly, and on August 14, which was
the day before the actual siege of Santa F6 began, this weak and
impoverished division started on its march to the south.
It is not proposed to relate from this point the story of the
retreat of the Spaniards from the province. Suffice it here to say
that at Fray Crist6bal on September 13 the division of Otermin
overtook the Rio Abajo people, to whom a message ordering them
to wait had been sent from below Isleta. From Fray Crist6bal
the retreat was continued, and on September 29 was reached a
place called La Salineta, within the present limits of Texas, and
only four leagues above the monastery of Guadalupe at the pass
of the Rio del Norte. Here a junta de guerra was held, at which
it was decided to make a settlement on the opposite side of the
river, near the monastery of Guadalupe, at a place called La Toma
del Rio del Norte, and from there to send an account of the revolt
to the viceroy, asking him to aid in the reconquest of the province.
With the settlement of the Spanish refugees from New Mexico at
La Toma the real history of the civil and military settlements
around El Paso begins, but this story must be told in another
'Auttos tocantes, 18.
2Auto of Garcia, in Auttos tocates, 19.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/152/: accessed September 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.