The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 13
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The Aguayo Expedition
Indians, while the two presidents should go back to Concepcibn.
The captain, perhaps fearful of punishment for the act, hesitated
to leave them, and only on receipt of a written statement that they
were remaining voluntarily, would he consent to it. Two of the
soldiers volunteered to stay with them, and the same day that the
rest' of the company left westward, Espinosa and Margil returned
to the former's mission, where they remained about twenty days.
Learning, however, that the captain and the rest of the force were
going beyond the specified place, they felt constrained, for evident
reasons, to follow them.
On July 2, from Mission Concepci6n, on the Angelina, the
letter which we are following in the narrative, signed by the two
presidents of the missions, was sent to the viceroy by two messen-
gers. Word was likewise sent to the captains of the presidios of
Bexar and the Rio Grande, and to the Governor of Coahuila, tell-
ing them that the company of soldiers and the priests were retir-
ing, but that if armed help came the former would return to their
presidio and the latter to their missions. The letter relates the
events as given above, and adds that there were well-grounded
fears that the French would continue their advance. The mis-
sionaries attributed their inability to resist the present hostile
movement to the general failure of the government to properly
support them, and, in particular, to the failure of Alarc6n to
follow his instructions. They complained, on the one hand, that
they had not been informed of the existence of war, that the
French had been steadily advancing for three years, that they
had distributed guns by the hundreds among the Indians; and,
on the other hand, that the Spanish occupation had made no ad-
vance for three years, that their former petitions, impressing on
the authorities the danger from the French, and their requests
for fifty men to settle the Cadodachos had been disregarded, and
that since Alare6n's departure, they had not had a single letter
from Mexico. They had less than twenty-five soldiers, they con-
tinued, mere boys, poorly clad, without mount or arms, a laugh-
ing stock to the very Indians. The crops, which had failed the
'The account as given above is mainly from Razon de la Fundacion de
las Missiones, etc., B. MS. Substantially the same account with a few
minor additional details is found in Espinosa, Chronica, 453-455, and Arri-
civita, Cr6nica, 100.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/17/: accessed October 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.