The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 18
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Texas Historical Association Quarterly
at the head of a French and Indian force, attacked the Mission of
los Adaes and drove the Spaniards back; and the impression is
left that such is the view given by Spanish writers and sources.
Bancroft says that, "a party of French and Indians from Natchi-
tocbes took possession of the M1ission of San Miguel de los Adaes,"
and cites indefinitely some of the best secondary Spanish authori-
ties.' Now, as a matter of fact, no such allegation is made by
contemporary Spanish sources available for this paper, and they
include all those cited by Bancroft, and more. First, as to the
commander of the forces, various assertions are made by English
writers: Dr. Garrison is the only recent writer that correctly
states that "Blondel must be the commander of the attacking
force, if there was any attack at all"; Bancroft suggests the prob-
ability of Blondel's connection with the affair; while in other
works such as Thrall, Yoakum, and Brown, La I-Iarpe and St.
Denis are given credit for the attack. The last mentioned writer
gives all the credit to La Harpe.2 The fact is that no mention is
made of St. Denis or La Harpe in this capacity by either French
or Spanish contemporary sources, while Blondel is unequivocally
named as the leader of the French. It is also noteworthy that
secondary writers such as Villa-Sefior (Theatro) and Cavo (Tres
Siglos) do not mention the first two. It is true that other early
Spanish writers, as Bonilla and Altamira do erroneously name St.
xBancroft, North Mexioan States and Texas, I, 615. Some of the au-
thorities he cites are: Espinosa, Chronica, Arricivita, Cr6neca, Villa
Senor, Theatro, Morfi, Memorias, Cavo, Tres Siglos, Bonilla, Breve Comn-
2Yoakum, History of Texas, in A Comprehensive History of Texas
(Wooten, Ed.), I, 31; Brown, History of Texas, I, 19.
These secondary authorities can be best appreciated after the real truth
of the subject is known, by means of contrast, for, to say the least, they
are replete with errors. This can be best shown by some examples. Ac-
cording to Brown, La Harpe, the leader of the invading force, is met at
San Antonio by a Spanish force and driven back. I-Ie stopped among the
Nassonite Indians on the Neches, the result of this being the spirited cor-
respondence between him and the Spanish Governor,-doubtless referring
to the Alarc6n letter, which would bring the latter to Texas after 1719.
According to Yoakum, La ITarpe and St. Denis drove the Spaniards from
los Adaes, Orquisaco, Aes, and the Nacogdoches, and pursued them to
Bexar. The result was the Aguayo expedition, which re-established the
missions at Adaes, Aes, and Orquisaco, when its leader, Aguayo, was re-
placed by Alarc6n, just inverting the order of succession. It need hardly
be said that the Spaniards had no establishment at Orcoquisac before
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/22/: accessed November 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.