The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 20
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly
with meat, having poor flour, and being totally without salt.
Finally, despairing of succor, all except Father Espinosa, who had
gone ahead to Mexico, retired in September or October to San
Antonio de Valero, where the religious of the two colleges erected
straw huts, and lived until Aguayo came in April, 1721. It was
while waiting here that Father Margil, under Aguayo's patron-
age, founded the Mission of San Joseph y San Miguel de Aguayo.?
III. THE MARQUIS OF AGUAYO AND TI-IE PREPARATION FOR HIS
EXPEDITION TO TEXAS
1. The Marquis of Aguayo.-'The answer of Spain to the
French act of aggression and the consequent abandonment of east-
ern Texas was the appointment of a capable governor for the
provinces of Texas and Coahuila, and the adoption of vigorous
measures to reoccupy the abandoned country. The appointment
fell to the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo, and to him also was
committed the work of reoccupation. The marquisate of San
Miguel de Aguayo embraced a large portion of the present State
of Coahuila, and the Marquises had long been distinguished men
in Coahuila and Neuvo Le6n. One of the principal haciendas of
the family was San Francisco de los Patos, between Saltillo and
Parras, a place still in existence and with the same name. Com-
paratively little is known to us of the early, or indeed of the later,
career of this particular Marquis. His name and title as given in
the official print of the Pefia Derrotero is "D. Joseph de Azlor,2
Knight Commandant of the Kingdom of Aragon, Governor and
Captain General" of the said Province of Texas, New Philipines,
and of this of Coahuila, New Kingdom of Estremadura." He
had served the King in Spain before going to Mexico, and when
the Amediche until August, and he left the Spanish force encamped on
the Trinity (Margry, VI, 280).
'Arricivita, Crdnica, 100, 101.
2Other documents call him "Dn. Joseph de Azlor Verto de vera, Cabal-
lero Mesnadero," etc. Diferentes Autos y otras providencias dictadas por
el Govor. Marques de S. Migl. de Aguayo, Archivo de la Secretarfa de
Governaci6n, Saltillo, Afio de 1720, in B. MS.
3As noticed by Miss West, Bonilla, Breve Compendio, in THE QUAR-
TERLY, VIII, 32, the title of captain general is omitted from the Memorias
copy of the Derrotero, and also from the Testimonio of Altamira. The
king, however, speaks of him as such in a royal cedula of 1729. See
leales 0edulas, tome 48, 1729, Archivo General. B. MS.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/24/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.