The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 23
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The Aguayo Expedition
based on a knowledge of the occurrences in Texas, but it repeated
in effect the foregoing one of June 11, 1718, and added that
"since la Movila, Massacra, and the rest of the territory belonging
to my royal crown is now occupied by the French with no right
whatever, you [the viceroy] shall make the necessary provisions to
cause them to abandon it, dislodging them from it."' And it does
seem that it was on the basis of these two royal orders that the
viceroy issued his instructions to Aguayo. In these, the viceroy
specified, in addition to what the king had ordered, the erection
of a fort on the C'adodacho River. A copy of the instructions
was sent to the king, August 8, 1720.2
In the midst of his preparations, October 5, 1720, Aguayo re-
ceived word from the viceroy which modified his original instruc-
tions. The latter had been sent news of the truce between the two
nations, and accordingly modified his orders, so that Aguayo was
to maintain only a defensive war with the French.3 The viceroy
at the same time made known to Aguayo the instructions con-
tained in a despatch from the king regarding intercourse with the
French. One of the provisions of the instructions was to admit
those Frenchmen who might wish to join the Spanish force or to
live among the Spaniards.4
By March 16, 1721, the king seems to have returned in some
degree to his original intent, as expressed in the cedula of Novem-
ber 1, 1719. In 1720 (August 16), the viceroy had written to
the king, telling him that notwithstanding the fact that the prem-
ises of the king's previous orders had been changed by the suspen-
sion of arms, le had, nevertheless, sent Aguayo to establish a pre-
sidio among the Cadodachos, and to increase the forces occupying
Texas. In the cedula of March 16, 1721, the king approved these
lReales Oddulas, May 26, 1729.
2Reales COdulas, May 26, 1729.
3Peila, Derrotero, 2.
4With the instruction regarding the maintenance of a defensive war
only, Aguayo was disappointed (Derolie o. 2). andL in 1723. when wl iting
to the viceroy, he says that at the time of the expedition he had urged
the importance of acquiring "Natchitos and the Caddodachos" (Autos
fechos en la Bahia de el espiritu santo sobre dos muertes que executaron
los Indios, 172/, Provincias Internas, 181, in B. MS.). And with the idea
of receiving French deserters into the Spanish service, he was much dis-
gusted. He said that His Majesty evidently did not know the difference
between deserters in America and those in Europe (Ibid).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/27/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.