The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 26
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Texas Historical Association Quarterly
Zelaya was one of the districts chosen by the viceroy to supply the
men for the expedition. Its quota was to be one hundred and
twenty men and five hundred horses. Pedro de Guinda and An-
tonio Cobian Busto, Aguayo's representative sent to oversee the
work, reported gross abuses on the part of the alcalde mayor of
Zelai a in the work of recruiting. Guinda's letter stated that the
alcalde had expressed himself as well pleased with the levy, since
he could benefit his jurisdiction by thus getting rid of its vaga-
bonds, and was willing to supply two hundred men instead of the
one hundred and twenty; that he had appointed an excessive num-
ber of commissioners to carry out his plans; and that these, avail-
ing themselves of their position, had pressed into service two hun-
dred and fifty men, forcibly relieving them of their private pos-
sessions, such as spurs, harness, saddles, horses, etc.; but that
though they had impressed two hundred and fifty men, they had
finally reported but one hundred and seventeen, having used the
surplus to their own advantage by releasing such as were able to
buy their freedom; and finally that of the one hundred and ten
accepted out of the one hundred and seventeen, only twenty-seven
were married, whereas the viceroy's order had required the recruit-
ing of married men accompanied by their families.
On the receipt of this report, the viceroy, May 13, 1720, or-
dered the alcalde of Quer6taro, Bentura Jaque Lorio y Quifiones,
to make a secret investigation of the conduct of the alcalde of
Zelaya. As a result of the "process," the accused alcalde was al-
most completely exonerated. The testimony, in general, was to
the effect: (1) that the reason only one hundred and seventeen
were furnished was that, on various excuses, Guinda refused to
accept many of those presented; and further that the alcalde had
not promised two hundred men, as was charged, but had simply
remarked that it would be easier to supply that number of men
than five hundred horses; (2) that though some of the commis-
sioners had been guilty of confiscating private property, all of it
had been returned by the alcalde; (3) that the appointment of
commissioners had been necessary, because as soon as the news of
the levy had been received all the vagabonds had scattered, some
to the mountains, and some to monasteries; (4) that the alcalde
was not guilty of releasing men for pay, but that some had been
given their freedom because they were respectable men ("hombres
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/30/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.