The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912 Page: 27
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The Aguayo Expedition
de bien"), an interesting commentary on those who were not re-
leased but were accepted 'for the expedition, and (5) that it was
not that officer's fault that the wives and families did not accom-
pany their husbands, for Guinda had rejected one hundred horses
that might have served to transport the women, and moreover,
had said that the families might wait till the following year and go
Returning to the recruiting at Zelaya, on April 20, 1720, before
a noatry public, the list of the one hundred and seventeen recruits
was formally presented for inspection to the two attorneys, Guinda
and Busto. Names were rejected, added, and again rejected, till
the number that finally went was one hundred and ten. Most of
the rejections were on the ground of physical infirmities. One
was thrown out for debt, and one for being married to a mulatto.
This is strange, since so many of the men accepted were mulattoes
themselves. Some extracts from the list will show how detailed
was the manner of registering recruits and reveal the low types of
the men in Aguayo's command. Some of the entries read: "An-
tonio de Flores, coyote, single, inhabitant of this city [Zelaya],
twenty-five years of age, tall, black hair-he has been in prison
twenty-five days; Antonio Rodrigues, Spaniard, forty years of age,
inhabitant of the town of San Juan del Rio, married to Juana de
Dios, two, children who are in that town-it is thirty days since he
has been imprisoned; Juan Manuel Barrera, single, Spaniard, in-
habitant of Esmiquilpa, eighteen years of age, dark complexioned,
beardless,-he has been in prison twenty days; Bentura de Tobar,
a free mulatto, single, inhabitant of this city [Zelaya], thirty-five
years of age, good physique,-he has been in prison thirty days;
Bernardo del Carpio, a free mulatto, inhabitant of Guadalajara,
twenty-five years of age, small in body, blond, married in the city
of Guadalajara to Maria Flores, Spanish, and has three children,"
-and so on for the one hundred and seventeen. Of that num-
ber, seventeen were mestizos, twenty-one coyotes, forty-four Span-
iards, thirty-one mulattoes, two castizos, one free negro, one In-
dian of Sapotlan, and one lobo;2 one hundred and seven were taken
'The alcalde demanded satisfaction for the calumny he had suffered, and
the case was still in dispute in December, 1720, before the royal audiencia,
to whom the alcalde had appealed from the viceroy's decision.
'The distinction between mestizo and coyote is not clear. The two
terms are now sometimes used synomymously to denote the offspring of a
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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 15, July 1911 - April, 1912, periodical, 1912; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101056/m1/31/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.